Ethical Code

The ethical code of the Agora Journal of Juridical Sciences is based on COPE's (Committee on Publication Ethics) Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

All parties involved, authors, editors, and reviewers, knowing the following ethical requirements must share them.


Publication decision and duties of the Publisher


The Management of the Journal, the members of the Editorial Board and the Publisher are responsible for the decision to publish the articles submitted to the Journal. In their decisions, they are required to respect the strategies and editorial approach of the Journal. They are also bound by applicable laws relating to defamation, copyright infringement and plagiarism.

In taking their decisions, the aforementioned bodies of the Journal make use of the support of at least two reviewers chosen from among scholars and experts external to the Management and the Editorial Board according to a double-blind peer review procedure.


The members of the aforementioned organs of the Journal are required:1) to evaluate the manuscripts for their scientific content, without distinction of race, sex, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, scientific, academic or political orientation of the authors; 2) not to disclose any information about submitted manuscripts to anyone other than the authors, reviewers, and prospective reviewers; 3) to ensure that the articles are published in open access mode and available for free.

The unpublished material contained in the manuscripts submitted to the Journal cannot be used by the members of the Organs of the Journal for their own research without the consent of the author.


If the Journal bodies detect or receive reports of errors or inaccuracies, conflicts of interest or plagiarism in a published article, they will promptly notify the author and the Publisher, who will undertake the necessary actions to clarify the matter and, in if necessary, will withdraw the article or publish a retraction.


Duties of the authors


Authors must ensure that their works are wholly original and, where the work and/or words of other authors are used, that these are appropriately paraphrased or quoted verbatim. In any case, the reference to the work of other authors must always be indicated.

Authors are required to cite all publications that have had an influence in determining the nature of the proposed work. Authors of articles based on original research should present an accurate account of their work, as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Relevant data must be accurately represented in the manuscript.


Manuscripts must contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to reproduce the research performed. Fraudulent or willfully inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.


Proposed manuscripts must not have been published as copyrighted material in other journals. Manuscripts under review by the journal should not be submitted to other journals for publication. By submitting a manuscript, the author/authors agree that, if the manuscript is accepted for publication, all economic exploitation rights, without space limitations and with all methods and technologies currently existing and/or in the future developed, will be transferred to the Editor of the Journal. Should the author wish to use the article in another publication, he must notify the Editor of the Journal.


Literary authorship of the manuscript is limited to those who made significant contributions to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors.


Where there are others who participated in substantial aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged and listed as contributors in the acknowledgments. The reference author must ensure that all relevant co-authors are included in the manuscript, have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript, and are in agreement with the submission for publication.

Authors should disclose financial conflicts or other types of conflicts of interest in the manuscript that could affect the results or interpretation of the manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed.


If an author finds significant errors or inaccuracies in the published manuscript, he has the duty to promptly notify the editorial staff and/or the publisher and cooperate with them in order to retract or correct the manuscript.


Authors will be asked to agree to give due permission for both privacy and copyright.


Duties of the reviewers


The reviewers, chosen by the Management and the Publisher from among experts in the scientific area of ​​reference, assist the Scientific Director and the Editorial Board in decisions and can possibly indicate to the author corrections and tricks aimed at improving the manuscript.


The selected reviewer who does not feel qualified to review the assigned manuscript, or who knows that he is not able to carry out the review in the required time, must notify his decision to, renouncing to participate in the review process.


Any manuscript received for review should be treated confidentially. The review should be conducted objectively. Reviewers must express their opinion through documented arguments. The Reviewer should draw the attention of the Editorial Board if he or she identifies a substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under review and any other published document of which he or she is aware. Information or ideas obtained through manuscript review should be kept confidential and not used for personal gain.

Reviewers must not accept manuscripts if they are in a position of conflict of interest deriving from relationships of competition, collaboration, or other type of connection with the authors, companies or bodies that have a relationship with the object of the manuscript.


For anything not expressly indicated, please refer to COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.