ENVIRONMENT CRIMINAL LAW IN TODAY EUROPEAN UNION

  • Ion Flămînzeanu Institute for Legal Research “Andrei Rădulescu”, Romanian Academy, Bucharest, Romania

Abstract

AbstractEnvironment crime is among the European Union’s central concerns. The TampereEuropean Council of 15 and 16 October 1999 at which a first work program for theEuropean Union action in the field of Justice and Home Affairs was adopted asked thatefforts be made to adopt common definitions of offences and penalties focusing on a numberof especially important sectors, amongst them environment crime. But despite this agreementabout the importance of joint the European Union action, environmental criminal law hasbecome the centre of a serious institutional fight between the European Commission,supported by the European Parliament on the one hand and the Council, supported by thegreat majority of the European Union member states on the other hand. At stake is nothingless than the distribution of powers between the first and the third pillars, and therefore alsobetween the Commission and the European Union’s member states. The effect of this fight iscurrently a legal vacuum on general environmental criminal law that was closed with theDirective 2008/99/CE, taking into consideration the cross-border dimension of environmentalcrime and the existing significant differences in the national legislation of the EuropeanUnion member states.

Author Biography

Ion Flămînzeanu, Institute for Legal Research “Andrei Rădulescu”, Romanian Academy, Bucharest, Romania
Faculty of Law, “Spiru Haret” University, Romania

References

Mihaela Agheniţei, Constancies of Penal Law General Part, “Universul Juridic”
Publishing House , 2010.

The Directive 2008/99/CE;

International Review of Penal Law, 2007, Preparatory Colloquium, La Coruña
(Spain), 2007, National reports – CD Rom annexes;

The Framework Decision 2003/80/JHA;

Codice penale e leggi complementari, “Giuridiche Simone” Publishing House, 2000;

The Tampere European Council of 15 and 16 October 1999;

Strafgesctzbűch, 33 Aufflage 1999, Beck Texte in Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag;

P. Salnoge, Droit pénal général, Press Universitaire, 1994;

C. Soyer, Droit pénal et Procedure pénale, Librarie Générale de droit et de
jurisprudence, Paris, 1994;

Jean Pradel, Droit pénal général, Paris, 1990;

Le nouveau Code pénal introduit et commenté par Henri Leclerc, Editions du Seuil,
1994;

Model Penal Code and Commentaires, Part I, Philadelphia, P.A. 1985, The American
Law Institute.
Published
2013-10-01
How to Cite
FLĂMÎNZEANU, Ion. ENVIRONMENT CRIMINAL LAW IN TODAY EUROPEAN UNION. AGORA INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF JURIDICAL SCIENCES, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 3, oct. 2013. ISSN 2067-7677. Available at: <http://univagora.ro/jour/index.php/aijjs/article/view/675>. Date accessed: 17 may 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.15837/aijjs.v7i3.675.

Keywords

Tampere European Council;common definition of offences;third pillars;enviromental crime