ENVIRONMENT CRIMINAL LAW IN TODAY EUROPEAN UNION
AbstractAbstractEnvironment crime is among the European Union’s central concerns. The TampereEuropean Council of 15 and 16 October 1999 at which a first work program for theEuropean Union action in the field of Justice and Home Affairs was adopted asked thatefforts be made to adopt common definitions of offences and penalties focusing on a numberof especially important sectors, amongst them environment crime. But despite this agreementabout the importance of joint the European Union action, environmental criminal law hasbecome the centre of a serious institutional fight between the European Commission,supported by the European Parliament on the one hand and the Council, supported by thegreat majority of the European Union member states on the other hand. At stake is nothingless than the distribution of powers between the first and the third pillars, and therefore alsobetween the Commission and the European Union’s member states. The effect of this fight iscurrently a legal vacuum on general environmental criminal law that was closed with theDirective 2008/99/CE, taking into consideration the cross-border dimension of environmentalcrime and the existing significant differences in the national legislation of the EuropeanUnion member states.
Publishing House , 2010.
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