Law and Economics Faculty, Social Sciences Department
Agora University of Oradea
The establishment of a common European space of the Member States from an economic and judicial point of view has been the desideratum of the European states. The openness created by the European space, namely the free movement of people, generates an enormous advantage for Europe's population, but can also lead to Member States being exposed to various forms of cross-border crime that go beyond their borders.Free movement within the U.E. it must be accompanied by the strengthening of Member States' cooperation in the field of criminal justice and policing in order to ensure a framework of security and safety for European citizens.European citizens have the right to move and live freely without fear of being exposed to various forms of crime. However, international crime in various forms: drug trafficking, trafficking in human beings, prostitution, pimping, theft, robbery, murder, terrorism is a worrying phenomenon for European citizens. The number of organized crime cases has increased, capital market offenses, illegal e-commerce activities as well as those related to the safety and physical and moral integrity of the person have increased significantly.The issue of ensuring European criminal justice has thus been raised over time. Adoption of unitary criminal measures in the legislation of European states, but also at EU level. it is considered an effective means of preventing international crime and punishing those guilty of committing it.We find in European documents criminal regulations at European level that define the common effort to reduce and limit international crime. In this article, I have focused on the latest fundamental European treaty: the Treaty of Lisbon, in which criminal law falling within the exclusive sphere of the Member States acquires European competences.