CONSEQUENCES OF THE DECISION OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT OF ROMANIA NO. 2/2017 ON THE EXTRAORDINARY APPEAL PATH OF THE REVIEW

Mihaela Pătrăuș, Darius-Dennis Pătrăuș

Abstract


The central element of this extraordinary appeal is the judicial error. The review involves finding a legal error in the criminal case settled by a final judgment, which was based on an erroneous assessment of the state of affairs. Exercising appeals does not create a new procedural report, but only extends the initial report in this new procedural phase. In our judicial system, the unanimous classification is that appeals are divided into two categories: ordinary ways and extraordinary ways. Thus, before the decision, the case under Article 453 (1) (a) could be invoked as a ground for review only in favor of the convicted person or of the one to whom the waiver of the punishment or deferment of the punishment or termination of the criminal proceedings, if the review is aimed at obtaining an acquittal. Therefore, this case of revision could not be used to the detriment of the person who was acquitted or who was ordered to terminate the criminal proceedings, with the aim of reaching a decision on conviction, renunciation of the punishment or postponement of the application punishment.


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References


A) Treaties, courses, monographs:

Neagu, Criminal Procedure Treaty, Ed. Pro, 1997.

T. Tanoviceanu, Treaty of Law and Criminal Procedure, vol. V, Bucharest, 1927, Printing, "CurierulJudiciar".

E. Decusară, Problems of Criminal Procedure. Review in Criminal Procedure, Ed. The Judicial Courier, Bucharest, 1992.

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M. V. Tudoran, The necessity of introducing in the Criminal Procedure Code a new case of revision of final criminal law rulings on Community law.in Law no. 10/2009.

H.C.C.J., criminal section, dec.no. 3055 of 12 May 2006; https://legeaz.net/spete-penal-iccj-2006/decizia-3055-2006.

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http://www.legislationline.org/download/action/download/id/6467/file/Albania_CPC_1995_am2014_en.pdf.

http://www.legislationline.org/download/action/download/id/4284/file/Croatia_Criminal_proc_code_am2009_en.pdf.

http://legislationline.org/countries/country/28.

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http://www.legislationline.org/download/action/download/id/6449/file/Swiss_CPC_2007_am2016_en.pdf.

Constitutional Court Decision 2/2017, published in the Official Gazette of Romania, Part I, on 5 May 2017.

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Case Hronsby v. Greece, Case 18357/91 of 19 March 1997.

Mitrea v. Romania, no. 26105/03, July 29, 2008.




Editor-in-Chief

 

Associate Editor-in-Chief

  1. PhD. Professor Cornelia Lefter, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania
  2. PhD. Professor Adriana Manolescu, Agora University of Oradea, Romania
 

Scientific Editor

 

Executive editors

  1. PhD. Professor Salvo Ando, University “Kore” Enna, Italy
  2. PhD. Associate Professor Alina Angela Manolescu, Agora University of Oradea, Romania

Associate editors

  1. PhD. Professor Alfio D'Urso, University „MAGNA GRECIA” University of Catanzaro, Italy
  2. Agnieszka Wedeł-Domaradzka, University of Economy in Bydgoszcz, Poland
  3. PhD. Alexandru Cordos, Christian University ”Dimitrie Cantemir”, Romania
  4. PhD.in Law, Assistant Professor José Noronha Rodrigues, Açores University, Portugal
  5. PhD. Professor Luigi Melica, University of Lecce, Italy
  6. PhD. Professor Jozsef SZABADFALVI, University of Debrecen, Hungaria
  7. PhD. Professor Farkas Akos, University of Miskolc,  Hungary
  8. PhD. Szabó Szabó BÉLA, University of Debrecen, Hungary
  9. PhD. Professor Brânduşa Stefanescu, University of Economics, Bucharest, Romania
  10. PhD. Professor Ovidiu Predescu, ″Law Journal″ (assistant chief editor), "Criminal Law Journal″ (assistant chief), Bucharest, Romania
  11. PhD. Professor Ioan-Nuţu Mircea, associated professor ”Babeş-Bolyai“ University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  12. PhD. Professor Alexandru Boroi, Police Academy ”Alexandru Ioan Cuza“, Bucharest, Romania
  13. PhD. Professor Luminita Gabriela Popescu, National School of Political Studies and Public Administration, Bucharest, Romania

 

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