CONSIDERATIONS OF CRIMINAL LAW AND FORENSIC SCIENCE REGARDING THE ILLEGAL ACCESS TO A COMPUTER SYSTEM
AbstractStarting from the provisions of Article 2 of the Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime and from the provisions of Article 3 of Directive 2013/40/EU on attacks against information systems, the present study analyses how these provisions have been transposed into the text of Article 360 of the Romanian Criminal Code. Illegal access to a computer system is a criminal offence that aims to affect the patrimony of individuals or legal entities.The illegal access to computer systems is accomplished with the help of the social engineering techniques, the best known technique of this kind is the use of phishing threats. Typically, phishing attacks will lead the recipient to a Web page designed to simulate the visual identity of a target organization, and to gather personal information about the user, the victim having knowledge of the attack.
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