THE CRISIS OF MODERNITY OF THE ARAB-ISLAMIC WORLD

Raul Ludovic Bereczki

Abstract


The Westernization of Islam, which began at least two hundred years ago, has two major consequences: a positive one, meaning the enlightenment of the elites which tried to reform Islam; and a negative one, "the perverse effect of contact with the West", as the experts often call it, which consists of the development of religious sects within the Muslim societies. The direct and striking conclusion, upon first analysis, is that Islamic fundamentalism is the product of Western modernity. Of course, the line of explanation has its origin in colonial times, seen as a major disappointment by those Muslims who believed in the benefits of a European-style modernity, and continues with the Cold War period, with the examples of Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and Afghanistan, where the mobilization of Islamist elements was beneficial in the fight against the Soviet enemy and the active proselytism practiced by the latter.


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References


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Editor-in-Chief

 

Associate Editor-in-Chief

  1. PhD. Professor Cornelia Lefter, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania
  2. PhD. Professor Adriana Manolescu, Agora University of Oradea, Romania
 

Scientific Editor

 

Executive editors

  1. PhD. Professor Salvo Ando, University “Kore” Enna, Italy
  2. PhD. Associate Professor Alina Angela Manolescu, Agora University of Oradea, Romania

Associate editors

  1. PhD. Professor Alfio D'Urso, University „MAGNA GRECIA” University of Catanzaro, Italy
  2. Agnieszka Wedeł-Domaradzka, University of Economy in Bydgoszcz, Poland
  3. PhD. Alexandru Cordos, Christian University ”Dimitrie Cantemir”, Romania
  4. PhD.in Law, Assistant Professor José Noronha Rodrigues, Açores University, Portugal
  5. PhD. Professor Luigi Melica, University of Lecce, Italy
  6. PhD. Professor Jozsef SZABADFALVI, University of Debrecen, Hungaria
  7. PhD. Professor Farkas Akos, University of Miskolc,  Hungary
  8. PhD. Szabó Szabó BÉLA, University of Debrecen, Hungary
  9. PhD. Professor Brânduşa Stefanescu, University of Economics, Bucharest, Romania
  10. PhD. Professor Ovidiu Predescu, ″Law Journal″ (assistant chief editor), "Criminal Law Journal″ (assistant chief), Bucharest, Romania
  11. PhD. Professor Ioan-Nuţu Mircea, associated professor ”Babeş-Bolyai“ University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  12. PhD. Professor Alexandru Boroi, Police Academy ”Alexandru Ioan Cuza“, Bucharest, Romania
  13. PhD. Professor Luminita Gabriela Popescu, National School of Political Studies and Public Administration, Bucharest, Romania

 

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