Entropic Explanation of Power Set


  • Yutong Song
  • Yong Deng


Power set, Combinatorial number, Pascal’s triangle, Dempster-Shafer evidence theory, mass function, Shannon entropy, Deng entropy


A power set of a set S is defined as the set of all subsets of S, including set S itself and empty set, denoted as P(S) or 2S. Given a finite set S with |S|=n hypothesis, one property of power set is that the amount of subsets of S is |P(S)| = 2n.  However, the physica meaning of power set needs exploration. To address this issue, a possible explanation of power set is proposed in this paper. A power set of n events can be seen as all possible k-combination, where k ranges from 0 to n. It means the power set extends the event space in probability theory into all possible combination of the single basic event. From the view of power set, all subsets or all combination of basic events, are created equal. These subsets are assigned with the mass function, whose uncertainty can be measured by Deng entropy. The relationship between combinatorial number, Pascal's triangle and power set is revealed by Deng entropy quantitively from the view of information measure. 


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