Role of Modern Technologies and Internet of things in the field of Solid Waste Management


  • S.Godwin Barnabas
  • K.Arun vasantha Geethan
  • S.Valai Ganesh
  • S. Rajakarunakaran
  • P.Sabarish Kumar


environment, pandemic period, diseases, technologies, internet of things


The process of handling solid waste becomes complex and tedious due to the urbanization and industrialization of the most developing and developed countries. These solid waste issues if it is not addressed properly it affects ecosystem and environment. There is a possibility of many health-oriented issues especially during the pandemic period covid-19. Most of the human beings are struggling with respiratory pulmonary diseases, asthma caused by these solid wastes. Most of the governments are also spending huge amount of money for labors, devices and some technologies to tackle these solid waste issues. There is also an opportunity for the government to generate revenue from these solid wastes by properly sorting these waste into recyclable, nonrecyclable and bio-degradable wastes. But when humans are involved in sorting these waste it will cause some diseases and hygienic problems. So,in order to address the above said issues in this work the role of modern technologies, algorithms and some Internet of things (IoT) methods are discussed. Implementing these technologies in the future will save huge amount of money spent by the government for the solid waste management activities.


[1] Aazam, M.; St-Hilaire, M.; Lung, C.; Lambadaris, I. (2016). Cloud-based smart waste management for smart cities, Proc. of the IEEE Workshop on Computer-Aided Modeling and Design of Communication Links (CAMAD 2016), 188-193, 2016.

[2] Abad, E.; Palacio, F.; Nuin, M.; Zárate, A.G.D.; Juarros, A.; Gómez, J.M. (2009). RFID smart tag for traceability and cold chain monitoring of foods: demonstration in an intercontinental fresh fish logistic chain, Journal of Food Engineering, 93(4),394-402,2009.

[3] Alexey Medvedev,; Petr Fedchen kov -Arkady Zaslavsky,; Theodoros Anagnos-topoulos,; Sergey Khoruzhnikov (2015).Waste Management as an IoT-Enabled Service in Smart Cities, IoT-Enabled Service in Smart Cities. NEW2AN: Internet of Things, Smart Spaces, and Next Generation Networks and Systems, 104-115, 2015.

[4] Amrutha Chandramohan,; Joyal Mendonc,; Nikhil Ravi Shankar,; Nikhil U Baheti,; Nitin Kumar Krishnan,; M. S. Suma (2014). Automated Waste Segregator, Texas Instruments India Educators' Conference (TIIEC), IEEE, 1-6, 2014.

[5] Anagnostopoulos, T.; Zaslavsky, A.; Kolomvatsos, K.; Medvedev, A.; Amirian, P.; Morley, J.; Hadjiefthymiades, S. (2017). Challenges and Opportunities of Waste Management in IoT-enabled Smart Cities: A Survey, IEEE Transaction of Sustainability Computation, 275-289, 2017.

[6] Anderson Amendoeira Namen,; Felipe da Costa Brasil,; Jorge José Gouveia Abrunhos (2014). RFID technology for hazardous waste management and tracking, Waste management and research, Waste Management & Research: The Journal for a Sustainable Circular Economy, 32(9), 59-66, 2014.

[7] Binder, C.R.; Quirici, R.; Domnitcheva,; Stí¤ubli, B. (2008). Smart labels for waste and resource management - an integrated assessment, Journal of Industrial Ecology, 12(2), 207-214, 2008.

[8] Bharadwaj, B.; Kumudha, M.; Gowri Chandra,; Chaithra Gon, N. (2017). Smart waste management using IoT to support Swachh Bharat Abhiyan - a practical approach, 2nd International Conference on Computing and Communications Technologies, 1-4, 2017.

[9] Chandaluru Priyanka, P.; Sriramya (2020). Image Based Classification of Waste Material Using Convolution Neural Network, International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(5),2967-2975, 2020.

[10] Chowdhury, B.; Chowdhury, M.U. (2007). RFID based real-time smart waste management system, Telecommunication Networks and Applications Conference, IEEE, 175-180, 2007.

[11] Eunice Likotiko,; Dmitry Petrov,; Joseph Mwangoka,; Ulrich Hilleringmann (2018). Real Time Solid Waste Monitoring Using Cloud and Sensors Technologies, The Online Journal of Science and Technology, 8(1), 106-116, 2018.

[12] Fallavi, K.N.; Kumar, V.R.; Chaithra, B.M. (2017). Smart waste management using Internet of Things: A survey, International Conference on I-SMAC (IoT in Social, Mobile, Analytics and Cloud) (I-SMAC), 60-64, 2017.

[13] Friedlos, D. (2008). Australian waste-collection businesses tag trash bins, RFID Journal, 1, 1-3, 2008.

[14] Glouche, Y.; Couderc, P. (2013). A smart waste management with self-describing objects, The Second International Conference on Smart Systems, Devices and Technologies, 1-15, 2013.

[15] Gulab Singh,; Brajesh Singh,; Shubham Rathi,; Saurabh Haris (2014). Solid Waste Management using Shortest Path Algorithm, International Journal of Engineering Science Invention Research & Development, 1(2), 60-64, 2014.

[16] Gutierrez, J.M.; Jensen, M.; Henius, M.;, Riaz, T. (2015). Smart waste collection system based on location intelligence, Procedia Computer Science, 61, 120-127, 2015.

[17] Hannana Maher Arebey, M.A.; Begum,; HassanBasri, R.A. (2011). Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and communication technologies for solid waste bin and truck monitoring system, Waste Management, 31(12), 2406-2413, 2011.

[18] He, K.; Zhang, X.; Ren, S.; Sun, J. (2016). Deep residual learning for image recognition, Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 770-778, 2016.

[19] Himanshi Ramani,; Lekhraj Mehra (2017). Technologies and Their Usage in Solid Waste Monitoring and Management Systems, National Conference on Road Map for Smart Cities of Rajasthan, 350-353, 2017.

[20] Hoornweg, D.; Bhada-Tata, P. (2012). What a Waste: A Global Review of Solid Waste Management World Bank, Urban development series, World Bank, Washington, 1-116, 2012.

[21] Insung Hong,; Sunghoi Park,; Beomseok Lee,; Jaekeun Lee (2014). IoT-Based Smart Garbage System for Efficient Food Waste Management, Scientific world journal, 13,1-10, 2014.

[22] Jaipuria, S.; Mahapatra S. (2014). An improved demand forecasting method to reduce bullwhip effect in supply chains, Expert Systems with Applications, 41(5), 2395-2408, 2014.

[23] Jouhara, H.; Czajczynskaa, D.; Ghazal, H.; Krzyzynska, R.; Anguilanod, L.; Reynolds, A.J.; Spencer,N. (2017). Municipal waste management systems for domestic use, Energy, 139, 485-506, 2017.

[24] Jenilasree, G.; Shenbagavadivu, N.; Bhuvaneswari, M. (2018). A Study on Automatic Solid Waste Management System for Smart City, International Journal of Creative Research Thoughts, 5(4), 1682-1689, 2018.

[25] Kannangara, M.; Dua, R.; Ahmadi, L.; Bensebaa, F. (2018). Modeling and prediction of regional municipal solid waste generation and diversion in Canada using machine learning approaches, Waste Management, 74, 2018.

[26] Krizhevsky, A.; Sutskever, I.; Hinton, G.E. (2012). ImageNet classification with deep convolutional neural networks, Neural Information Processing System Conference, 1097-1105, 2012.

[27] Kumar, N.S.; Vuayalakshmi, B.; Prarthana, R.J.; Shankar, A. (2017). IOT based smart garbage alert system using Arduino UNO, Neural Information Processing System Conference, IEEE, 1-8, 2017.

[28] Kusum Lata,; Singh, S.K. (2016). IOT based smart waste management system using wireless sensor network and embedded linux board, International Journal of Current Trends in Engineering & Research, 2(7), 210-214, 2016.

[29] López, J.G.; Imine, M.; Rumí­n, R.C.; .Pedersen, J.M.; Madsen, O.B. (2008). Multilevel network characterization using regular topologies, Computational Network, 173-187, 2008.

[30] Lu, J.W.; Chang, N.B.; Liao, L.; Liao, M.Y. (2017). Smart and Green Urban Solid Waste Collection Systems: Advances, Challenges, and Perspectives, Technical journal of the IEEE Systems, 11, 2804-2817, 2017.

[31] LuHuida,; FanBingchen,; YuanLiheng,; LiYanan (2012). RFID-Based Hazardous Waste Management Platform Establishment, Technical journal of the IEEE Systems, 11, 2804-2817, 2017.

[32] Mahmuda Akhtara,; Hannan, M.A; Begum Hassan Basri, R.A. (2017). Backtracking search algorithm in CVRP models for efficient solid waste collection and route optimization, Procedia Engineering, 29, 4-8, 2012.

[33] Manqele, L.; Adeogun, R.; Dlodlo, M.; Coetzee, L. (2017). Multi-objective decision- making framework for effective waste collection in smart cities, Global Wireless Summit (GWS), 155-159, 2017.

[34] Marandi, F.; Ghomi, S. (2016). Time series forecasting and analysis of municipal solid waste generation in Tehran city, 12th International Conference on Industrial Engineering (ICIE), 14- 18, 2016.

[35] Maria Grazia Gnoni,; Gianni Lettera,; Alessandra Rollo (2013). A feasibility study of a RFID traceability system in municipal solid waste management, International Journal of Information Technology and Management, 12, 27-38, 2013.

[36] Maurizio Giacobbe,; Carlo Puliafito,; Marco Scarpa (2016). The Big Bucket: An IoT Cloud Solution for Smart Waste Management in Smart Cities, European Conference on Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing, ESOCC Advances in Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing, 43- 58, 2016.

[37] Maryam Abbasi,; Ali El Hanandeh (2016). Forecasting municipal solid waste generation using artificial intelligence modelling approaches, Waste Management, 56, 13-22, 2016.

[38] Mahmudul Hasan Russel,; Mehdi Hasan Chowdhury,; Md. Shekh Naim Uddin,; Ashif Newaz (2013). Development of Automatic Smart Waste Sorter Machine, International Conference on Mechanical, Industrial and Materials Engineering, 1-7, 2013.

[39] Mitton, N.; Papavassiliou, S.; Puliafito, A.; Trivedi, K.S. (2012). Combining Cloud and sensors in a smart city environment, Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, 2012(247), 1-10, 2012.

[40] Mohammad Ali Abdoli,; Maliheh Falah Nezhad,; Reza Salehi Sede,; Sadegh Behboudian. (2011). Long term forecasting of solid waste generation by the artificial neural networks, Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy, 31(4), 628-636, 2011.

[41] Omara, A.; Gulen, D.; Kantarci, B.; Oktug,S. (2018). Trajectory Assisted Municipal Agent Mobility A Sensor-Driven Smart Waste Management System, Journal of Sensors and Actuator Networks, 7, 29-37, 2018.

[42] [Online]. Available:, Open Data Copenhagen.

[43] Parkash, P.V. (2016). IoT Based Waste Management for Smart City, International Journal of Innovation Research, Computational Communication Engineering, 7, 29-37, 2016.

[44] Petit, J. (2001). Experiments on the minimum linear arrangement problem, Journal of Experimental Algorithmics, 1-33, 2001.

[45] Praveen Kumar Gupta,; Vidhya Shree,; Lingayya Hiremath,; Sindhu Rajendran (2019). The Use of Modern Technology in Smart Waste Management and Recycling: Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, Studies in Computational Intelligence, 1, 173-188, 2019.

[46] Rad, M.S.L Kaenel, A.V.; Droux, A. (2017). A computer vision system to localize and classify wastes on the streets, International Conference in Computer Vision System, Springer, 195-204, 2017.

[47] Ramarao, K.V.S.; Venkatesan, S. (1992). On finding and updating spanning trees and shortest paths, Journal of Algorithms, 13(2), 235- 257, 1992.

[48] Russakovsky, O.; Deng, J.; Su,H.; Krause, J.; Satheesh, S.; Ma, S.; Huang, Z.; Karpathy, A.; Khosla, A.; Bernstein, M. (2015). Imagenet large scale visual recognition challenge, International Journal of Computer Vision, 115(3), 211-252, 2015.

[49] L.P.Singh, L.P.; Challa, R.T. (2016). Integrated Forecasting Using the Discrete Wavelet Theory and Artificial Intelligence Techniques to Reduce the Bullwhip Effect in a Supply Chain, Global Journal of Flexible System Management, 17(2), 157-169, 2016.

[50] Sinha, T.; Kumar, K.M.; Saisharan, P. (2018). Smart dustbin, International journal of Indian Electronics and Electrical Engineering, 3(5), 101-104, 2018.

[51] Siti Hajar Yusoff,; Ummi Nur Kamilah Abdullah Din,; Hasmah Mansor. (2018). Design of Smart Waste Bin and Prediction Algorithm for Waste Management in Household Area, Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 12(2), 748-758, 2018.

[52] Sodanil, M.; Chatthong, P. (2014). Artificial neural network-based time series analysis forecasting for the amount of solid waste in Bangkok, Ninth international conference on digital information management, 16-20, 2014.

[53] The traveling-salesman problem (1997). Mathematics in Science and Engineering, Mathematics in Science and Engineering, 1977.

[54] Sermanet, P.; Eigen, D.; Zhang, X.; Mathieu, M.; Fergus, R.; Lecun,Y. (2014). OverFeat: integrated recognition, localization and detection using convolutional networks, International Conference on Learning Representations, 1-16 , 2014.

[55] Suyog Gupta,; Pradeep Kumar. (2015). Real time solid waste monitoring and management system: a case study of Kanpur city, International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, 4(2), 514 -517, 2015.

[56] Theodoros Anagnostopoulos,; Arkady Zaslavsky,; Inna Sosunova (2018). A stochastic multi-agent system for Internet of Things-enabled waste management in smart cities, Waste management and research, 36(11), 1113- 1121, 2018.

[57] Thürer,M; Pan,Y.H; Qu,T.; Luo,H.; Li , C.D.; Huang,G.Q, (2016). Internet of Things (IoT) driven kanban system for reverse logistics: solid waste collection, Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 30, 2621-2630, 2016.

[58] Ying An,; Guang Ming Li,; Wen Qing Wu,; Wen Zhi He,; Xiang Shi (2014). Information Technology Based Municipal Solid Waste Management in Shanghai, China, Advanced Materials Research, 1073-1076, 911-914,2014.

[59] Zeiler D. M.; Fergus, R. (2014). Visualizing and understanding convolutional neural networks, 13th European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), 818-833, 2014.

[60] Zongguo Wen,; ShuhanHu,; Djavan De Clercq; Bruce Beck, M. (2017). Design implementation, and evaluation of an Internet of Things (IoT) network system for restaurant food waste management, Waste Management, 73, 26-38, 2017.

Additional Files



Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.