Proposed Fuzzy Real-Time HaPticS Protocol Carrying Haptic Data and Multisensory Streams


  • Sotirios Kontogiannis Dept. of Mathematics, University of Ioannina
  • George Kokkonis Dept. of Business Administration, University of Western Macedonia


multi-sensorial, haptics, transport protocols, real-time protocols, communication networks, fuzzy logic based decisions


Sensory and haptic data transfers to critical real-time applications over the Internet require better than best effort transport, strict timely and reliable ordered deliveries. Multi-sensory applications usually include video and audio streams with real-time control and sensory data, which aggravate and compress within real-time flows. Such real-time are vulnerable to synchronization to synchronization problems, if combined with poor Internet links. Apart from the use of differentiated QoS and MPLS services, several haptic transport protocols have been proposed to confront such issues, focusing on minimizing flows rate disruption while maintaining a steady transmission rate at the sender. Nevertheless, these protocols fail to cope with network variations and queuing delays posed by the Internet routers. This paper proposes a new haptic protocol that tries to alleviate such inadequacies using three different metrics: mean frame delay, jitter and frame loss calculated at the receiver end and propagated to the sender. In order to dynamically adjust flow rate in a fuzzy controlled manners, the proposed protocol includes a fuzzy controller to its protocol structure. The proposed FRTPS protocol (Fuzzy Real-Time haPticS protocol), utilizes crisp inputs into a fuzzification process followed by fuzzy control rules in order to calculate a crisp level output service class, denoted as Service Rate Level (SRL). The experimental results of FRTPS over RTP show that FRTPS outperforms RTP in cases of congestion incidents, out of order deliveries and goodput.

Author Biographies

Sotirios Kontogiannis, Dept. of Mathematics, University of Ioannina

Scientific staff, Dept. of Mathematics, University of Ioannina

George Kokkonis, Dept. of Business Administration, University of Western Macedonia

Assistant Prof., Dept. of Business Administration, University of Western Macedonia


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