Reduce Effect of Dependent Malicious Sensor Nodes in WSNs using Pairs Counting and Fake Packets


  • Ashraf Ahmad Princess Sumya University for Technology
  • Mohammed Hababeh
  • Alaa Abu-Hantash
  • Yousef AbuHour
  • Husam Musleh


Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), Wireless Sensor Networks, dependent malicious sensor nodes, Dependent Malicious Sensor Nodes, detection and prevention methods, Detection and Prevention methods


In this paper, we propose a new technique for the enhancement of target detection in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) in which sensor nodes are responsible for taking binary decisions about the presence or absence of a given target and reporting the output to the fusion center. We introduce the algorithm; Fail Silent Pair (FSP) to calculate global decision in the fusion center. The FSP algorithm randomly distributes all sensor nodes into pairs then considers pairs of the same local decision. Also, we present new detection and prevention methods to reduce the effect of dependent malicious sensor nodes. The detection method is based on the deception of suspicious sensor nodes with fake packets to detect a subset of the malicious sensor nodes, as these nodes eavesdrop on other sensor nodes packets to use their local decisions as a reference to build an intelligent decision. While the prevention method allows the fusion center to correct local decisions of some malicious sensor nodes with identified strategies, assisting in the increase of the accuracy of global decisions. We introduce a mathematical analysis to verify our methods, in addition to simulation experiments to validate our technique.

Author Biographies

Ashraf Ahmad, Princess Sumya University for Technology

Ashraf Ahmad is currently the dean of computing sciences at Princess Sumya University for Technology (PSUT). Dr. Ahmad has obtained his PhD degree in Computer Science and Engineering from National Chiao Tung University (NCTU) in Taiwan with distinction. He obtained his B.Sc. degree from PSUT in Jordan. Dr. Ahmad has been the chairman of computer graphics and animation department in PSUT for four years. His interest area includes security application development and computer programming, mobile application, video transcoding, secure multimedia and interoperability. Dr. Ahmad has authored several scientific publications including journal papers, conference papers, book chapters and book. In addition, Dr. Ahmad has several US and international patents in his field of expertise. He serves as an associate editor in two journals and editorial member of several journals. Ashraf has been honored to serve as either a program committee or steering committee member for several international conferences. He has several funded projects on security and video domain. Moreover, Dr. Ahmad gave several Keynote speeches at many international conferences and workshops. With his supervision, his student teams won several international, regional and national prizes including imagine cup and world championship in programing. He has earned several funded research projects. Ashraf Ahmad has been chosen as one of the recipients of Leading Scientist award in the year 2006 for his outstanding contribution in the field of Video Processing and Communications. In 2014, Dr. Ahmad won the American challenge cup in Jordan for his invention border security device.

Mohammed Hababeh

Computer Engineering, German Jordanian University
Amman Madaba Street, P.O. Box 35247, Jordan

Alaa Abu-Hantash

University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
P.O.Box 3030, Irbid 22110, Jordan

Yousef AbuHour

University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
P.O.Box 3030, Irbid 22110, Jordan

Husam Musleh

University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
P.O.Box 3030, Irbid 22110, Jordan


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