P Systems Computing the Period of Irreducible Markov Chains
Keywords:Markov chain, P Sytems, Membrane Computing
It is well known that any irreducible and aperiodic Markov chain has exactly one stationary distribution, and for any arbitrary initial distribution, the se- quence of distributions at time n converges to the stationary distribution, that is, the Markov chain is approaching equilibrium as nâ†’âˆž.
In this paper, a characterization of the aperiodicity in existential terms of some state is given. At the same time, a P system with external output is associated with any irre- ducible Markov chain. The designed system provides the aperiodicity of that Markov chain and spends a polynomial amount of resources with respect to the size of the in- put. A comparative analysis with respect to another known solution is described.
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