Artificial Intelligence + Distributed Systems = Agents


  • Ioan Dzitac “Aurel Vlaicu” University of Arad, Faculty of Exact Sciences, Department of Mathematics-Informatics Str. Elena Dragoi, Nr. 2, Complex Universitar M (Micalaca, zona III), Arad, Romania
  • Boldur E. Bărbat “Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu, “Hermann Oberth” Faculty of Engineering, Department of Research 10, Victoriei Bd, Sibiu, 550024, Romí¢nia


open, heterogeneous, dynamic and uncertain environments (OHDUE), computer-aided decision-making, nonalgorithmic software, bounded rationality, agent-oriented software engineering (AOSE).


The connection with Wirth’s book goes beyond the title, albeit confining the area to modern Artificial Intelligence (AI). Whereas thirty years ago, to devise effective programs, it became necessary to enhance the classical algorithmic framework with approaches applied to limited and focused subdomains, in the context of broad-band technology and semantic web, applications - running in open, heterogeneous, dynamic and uncertain environments-current paradigms are not enough, because of the shift from programs to processes. Beside the structure as position paper, to give more weight to some basic assertions, results of recent research are abridged and commented upon in line with new paradigms. Among the conclusions: a) Nondeterministic software is unavoidable; its development entails not just new design principles but new computing paradigms. b) Agent-oriented systems, to be effectual, should merge conventional agent design with approaches employed in advanced distributed systems (where parallelism is intrinsic to the problem, not just a mean to speed up).


AgentLink III. Agent based computing. AgentLink Roadmap: Overview and Consultation Report. University of Southampton., 2005.

J.R. Anderson, L.M. Reder, H.A. Simon. Applications and Misapplications of Cognitive Psychology to Mathematics Education. Texas Educational Review, 2000.

P.G. Armour, The Five Orders of Ignorance. Comm. ACM, 43 (10), 17-20, 2000.

B.E. Bărbat, Agent-Oriented Intelligent Systems. Romanian Academy Publ. House, Bucharest, 2002 (in Romanian, "Grigore Moisil" Prize of the Romanian Academy).

B.E. Bărbat, E-Maieutics. Rationale and Approach. International Journal of Computers, Communications & Control, 3, Supplement: Suppl. S, 40-54, 2008.

B.E. Bărbat, Natural time for artificial agents. Abstracts of ICCCC Papers, B˘aile Felix, May 15-17, 27-27, 2008.(Invited paper.)

I. Dzițac, Artificial Intelligence. Ed. House "Aurel Vlaicu" University, 2008 (in Romanian).

I. Dzițac, Parallel and Distributed Methods for Algebraic Systems Resolution, CCC Publications, Agora University Publishing House, 2006. (in Romanian).

I. Dzițac, ICCCC 2008 & EWNLC 2008 Celebrates Bardeen's Centenary and Welcomes Professor Zadeh, International Journal of Computers Communications & Control, 3 (Suppl. S):16-25, 2008.

I. Dzițac, I. Moisil, Advanced AI Techniques for Web Mining, Proc. of 10th WSEAS International Conference on Mathematical Methods, Computational Techniques and Intelligent Systems (MAMECTIS '08, Corfu, Greece, 343-346, 2008.

I. Dzitac, G. Moldovan, Distributed Systems: Information Models, Agora University Publishing House 2006 (in Romanian).

FIPA TC Agent Management. FIPA Agent Management Specification. Standard SC00023K (2004/18/03). SC00023K.pdf

G. Gigerenzer, A. Edwards. Simple tools for understanding risks: from innumeracy to insight. British Medical Journal, 327, 741-744, 2003.

G. Gigerenzer, R. Selten. Bounded Rationality. MIT Press, Cambridge, 2002.

F. Herrera, Genetic fuzzy systems: taxonomy, current research trends and prospects. Evol. Intel., 1, 27-46, 2008.

D. Kahneman, Maps of Bounded Rationality: Psychology for Behavioral Economics. Lecture (when receiving Nobel Prize; revised version). Stockholm, Nobel Foundation, 2002.

E. Livingston, Ethnographies of Reason. Ashgate, Aldershot, UK, 2008.

A. Rubinstein, Modeling Bounded Rationality. MIT Press, Cambridge, 1998.

C. Sieckenius de Souza, The Semiotic Engineering of Human-Computer Interaction. The MIT Press, 2005.

H.A. Simon, Models of Bounded Rationality. MIT Press, Cambridge, 1997.

D. Spinellis, Rational Metaprogramming. IEEE Software, 25, 1, 78-79, Jan/Feb, 2008.

N. Wirth, Algorithms + Data Structures = Programs. Prentice Hall, 1978.

L.A. Zadeh, D. Tufis, F.G. Filip, I. Dzitac, (Eds.), From Natural Language to Soft Computing: New Paradigms in Artificial Intelligence, Romanian Academy Publishing House, 2008.

F. Zambonelli, A. Omicini. Challenges and Research Directions in Agent-Oriented Software Engineering. Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, 9, 253-283, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004.



Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.