REAQ-AODV: Route Stability and Energy Aware QoS Routing in Mobile Ad hoc Networks
Keywords:MANET, reliable routing, route stability, biobjective optimization
Frequent changes in network topology, confined battery capacity of nodesÂ and unreliable nature of wireless channels are the main challenges for reliable routingÂ in Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET). Selecting a long lasting route is a criticalÂ task in MANET. In this paper, we propose a new protocol, Route Stability andÂ Energy Aware Ad hoc On-demand Distance Vector (RSEA-AODV) protocol which isÂ an enhancement of Ad hoc On-demand Distance Vector (AODV) protocol. It designsÂ a bi-objective optimization formulation to compute the reliability factor based onÂ stability and residual energy of nodes. The route with the highest reliability factorÂ value is selected for data transmission. This protocol is compared with other similarÂ routing protocols: PERRA and AODV. We use ns-2 for simulation. Our simulationÂ results show that, the proposed protocol increases the node expiration time by 12 -Â 32 % and accomplishes 7 - 13 % higher packet delivery ratio compared to PERRA orÂ AODV. The packet delay and control overhead of the proposed protocol is comparableÂ to that of AODV.
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