Alleviation of Binding Update Re-registration Handoff Latency at Home Agent Failure in MIPv6 Network

A. Avelin Diana, K. Sundarakantham, S. Mercy Shalinie


Home Agent (HA) is an indispensable entity for binding connectivity to route packets between Mobile Node (MN) and Correspondent Node (CN). MIPv6 allows the deployment of redundant HAs to overcome HA failure. Different approaches resolve this issue to recuperate binding association information. This paper compares the effect of handoff latency in various methods and proposes a Reliable HA delivery (RHAD) mechanism to mitigate the Binding Update (BU) registration latency in HA at the time of active HA failure. We use BGP domain in network architecture and apply IBGP protocol to transmit packets between Edge Router (ER) and HA. Both the theoretical evaluation and simulation results reveal that RHAD effectively reduces BU re-registration handoff latency and increases packet delivery ratio.


MIPv6, home agent, binding update, IBGP, VHARP, Edge router

Full Text:



Johnson, D.; Perkins, C.; Arkko, T. (2004); Mobility support in IPv6, IETF RFC 3775,

Arkko, J.; Vogt, C.; Haddad, W.(2007); Enhanced Route Optimization for Mobile IPv6, Network Working Group, RFC 4866,

Qian Sun et al (2004); Security Issues in Dynamic Home Agent Address Discovery, draft-sunmipv6- dhaadsecurity-00.txt.

Wakikawa, R. (2009); Home Agent Reliability Protocol, MEXT Working Group, draft-ietfmip6-hareliability-05.txt.

Wakikawa, R.(2011); Home Agent Reliability Protocol, MEXT Working Group, draft-ietfmip6-hareliability-09.txt.

Devarapalli, V.; Wakikawa, R.; Thubert, P. (2006); Local HA to HA protocol, draftdevearapalli- mip6-nemo-local-haha-01.txt.

Ng, C.; Thubert, P.; Watari, M.; Zhao, F. (2007); Network Mobility Route Opti-mization Problem Statement, Network Working Group, RFC 4888.

SeungSun Hong (2004); Multihoming Scenarios with Multiple Home Agents in Mobile IPv6, draft-hong-mip6-multihoming-scenarios-00.txt.

Wakikawa, R.; Devarapalli, V.; Thubert, P. (2003); Inter Home Agents Protocol (HAHA), IETF Draft, draft-wakikawamip6- nemo-haha-00.txt.

Deng (2003); Load balance for Distributed HAs in Mobile IPv6, IETF Draft, draftwakikawamip6-nemo-haha-00.txt.

Heissenhuber, F.; Fritsche, W.; Riedl, A. (1999); Home Agent Redundancy and Load Balancing in Mobile IPv6, 5th International Conference Broadband Communications, 235-244.

Faizan, J.; El-Rewini, H.; Khalil, M. (2005); VHARP: Virtual Home Agent Reli-ability Protocol for Mobile IPv6 based Networks, Int. conf. on Wireless Networks, Communications, and Mobile Computing, DOI:10.1109/WIRLES.2005.1549599, 1295-1300.

Ahn, J.H.; Hwang, C.S. (2011); Efficient Fault-Tolerant Protocol for Mobility Agentsin Mobile IP, International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, DOI:10.1109/IPDPS.2001.925103, 1273-1280.

Chen, Y.S.; Chen, C.H.; Fang, H.Y. (2008); An Efficient Quorum-Based Fault-Tolerant Approach for Mobility Agents in Wireless Mobile Networks, IEEE International Conference on Sensor Networks, Ubiquitous and Trustworthy Computing (SUTC), 373-378.

Faizan, J.; Rewini, H.E. et al (2006); Introducing Reliability and Load Balancing in Mobile IPv6 Based Networks, Journal of Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, 6:1-19.

Rathi, S.; Thanushkodi, K. (2006); Design and Performance Evaluation of anEffcient Home Agent Reliability Protocol, International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering, 2(1):26- 32.

Yujun Zhang; Hanwen Zhang (2011); A Mobile Agent Fault-Tolerant Method Based on the Ring Detection Backup Chain for Mobile IPv6 Networks, IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, DOI: 10.1109/icc.2011.5962677, 1-5.

McNair, J.; Akyildiz, I.F.; Bender, M.D. (2001); Handoffs for real-time traffc in mobile IP version 6 networks, IEEE GLOBECOM, DOI:10.1109/GLOCOM.2001.966325, 6: 3463-3467.


Copyright (c) 2017 A. Avelin Diana, K. Sundarakantham, S. Mercy Shalinie

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

IJCCC is an Open Access Journal : CC-BY-NC.

Articles published in IJCCC user license are protected by copyright.

Users can access, download, copy, translate the IJCCC articles for non-commercial purposes provided that users, but cannot redistribute, display or adapt:

  • Cite the article using an appropriate bibliographic citation: author(s), article title, journal, volume, issue, page numbers, year of publication, DOI, and the link to the definitive published version on IJCCC website;
  • Maintain the integrity of the IJCCC article;
  • Retain the copyright notices and links to these terms and conditions so it is clear to other users what can and what cannot be done with the  article;
  • Ensure that, for any content in the IJCCC article that is identified as belonging to a third party, any re-use complies with the copyright policies of that third party;
  • Any translations must prominently display the statement: "This is an unofficial translation of an article that appeared in IJCCC. Agora University  has not endorsed this translation."

This is a non commercial license where the use of published articles for commercial purposes is forbiden. 

Commercial purposes include: 

  • Copying or downloading IJCCC articles, or linking to such postings, for further redistribution, sale or licensing, for a fee;
  • Copying, downloading or posting by a site or service that incorporates advertising with such content;
  • The inclusion or incorporation of article content in other works or services (other than normal quotations with an appropriate citation) that is then available for sale or licensing, for a fee;
  • Use of IJCCC articles or article content (other than normal quotations with appropriate citation) by for-profit organizations for promotional purposes, whether for a fee or otherwise;
  • Use for the purposes of monetary reward by means of sale, resale, license, loan, transfer or other form of commercial exploitation;

    The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.

[End of CC-BY-NC  License for Website User]

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS COMMUNICATIONS & CONTROL (IJCCC), With Emphasis on the Integration of Three Technologies (C & C & C),  ISSN 1841-9836.

IJCCC was founded in 2006,  at Agora University, by  Ioan DZITAC (Editor-in-Chief),  Florin Gheorghe FILIP (Editor-in-Chief), and  Misu-Jan MANOLESCU (Managing Editor).

Ethics: This journal is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of, the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Ioan  DZITAC (Editor-in-Chief) at COPE European Seminar, Bruxelles, 2015:

IJCCC is covered/indexed/abstracted in Science Citation Index Expanded (since vol.1(S),  2006); JCR2018: IF=1.585..

IJCCC is indexed in Scopus from 2008 (CiteScore2018 = 1.56):

Nomination by Elsevier for Journal Excellence Award Romania 2015 (SNIP2014 = 1.029): Elsevier/ Scopus

IJCCC was nominated by Elsevier for Journal Excellence Award - "Scopus Awards Romania 2015" (SNIP2014 = 1.029).

IJCCC is in Top 3 of 157 Romanian journals indexed by Scopus (in all fields) and No.1 in Computer Science field by Elsevier/ Scopus.


 Impact Factor in JCR2018 (Clarivate Analytics/SCI Expanded/ISI Web of Science): IF=1.585 (Q3). Scopus: CiteScore2018=1.56 (Q2);

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Editors-in-Chief: Ioan DZITAC & Florin Gheorghe FILIP.