Noncommutative Logic Systems with Applications in Management and Engineering
AbstractZadeh's (min-max, standard) fuzzy logic and various other logics are commutative, but natural language has nuances suggesting the premises are not equal, with premises contributing to the conclusion according to their prominency. Therefore, we suggest variants of salience-based, noncommutative and non-associative fuzzy logic (prominence logic) that may better model natural language and reasoning when using linguistic variables. Noncommutative fuzzy logics have several theoretical and applicative motivations to be used as models for human inference and decision making processes. Among others, asymmetric relations in economy and management, such as buyer-seller, provider-user, and employer-employee are noncommutative relations and induce noncommutative logic operations between premises or conclusions. A class of noncommutative fuzzy logic operators is introduced and fuzzy logic systems based on the corresponding noncommutative logics are described and analyzed. The prominence of the operators in the noncommutative operations is conventionally assumed to be determined by their precedence. Specific versions of noncommutative logics in the class of the salience-based, noncommutative logics are discussed. We show how fuzzy logic systems may be built based on these types of logics. Compared with classic fuzzy systems, the noncommutative fuzzy logic systems have improved performances in modeling problems, including the modeling of economic and social processes, and offer more flexibility in approximation and control. Applications discussed include management and engineering problems and issues in the field of firms’ ethics or ethics of AI algorithms.
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