Digital Perception Functionality for Institutional Design: The Forest Policy Issue of "Loch Lomond & the Trossachs National Park" of Scotland as a Case Study

Nikolaos D. Hasanagas

Abstract


Motivation for this research was the need to perceive the relations among actors involved in the rural-forest policy networks. The problem of an objective analysis of formal and informal power and information flow structure measurement and visualization in policy-making is tried to be solved. The policy network of "Loch Lomond & the Trossachs National Park" is used as a case study as it includes a great variety of actors. An answer to the much-discussed problem of digital perception of politico-administrative power are in part the results about: (1) how complexity of policy making can be measured and what this practically means, (2) who controls the communication, (3) where the most important information resources are located, and (4) who is most trustworthy in this network. It is concluded that: "Important" information is not a source of trust, but rather inversely, through trust one can impose information as being important. Between actors of relatively high trust status, the most trusted one does not need to control information in order to strengthen its position. A less trusted actor may supplement the lack of power status with information control. The leading role that forestry sector may play even in cross-sectoral issues is pointed out in this case study.

Keywords


Forest-environmental Policy, Cross-sectorality, Forestry & Rural Development, Network Analysis Software.

Full Text:

PDF

References


M. Baur, M. Benkert, U. Brandes, S. Cornelsen, M. Gaertler, B. Koepf, J. Lerner and D. Wagner, Visone - Software for Visual Social Network Analysis, Proc. 9th Int. Symp. Graph Drawing, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2265, 463-464, Springer, 2002.

U. Brandes, P. Kenis, D. Wagner Communicating centrality in policy network drawings, IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, 9(2), 241- 253, 2003.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TVCG.2003.1196010

P. Cisar, S. Bosnjak and S. Maravic Cisar, EWMA Algorithm in Network Practice. Int J Comput Commun, 5(2): 160-170, 2010.

A. Degenne and M. Forse, Introducing Social Networks, Sage, Great Britain, 1999.

N.D. Hasanagas, A.D. Styliadis, E.I. Papadopoulou and P.K. Birtsas. Land Policy & Socio- Spatial Impacts in a burned forest: The case of Chalkidiki, Greece (2006), RevCAD - Journal of Geodesy and Cadastre, 99-112, 2010.

E. Papadopoulou, N.D. Hasanagas and D. Harvey. Analysis of Rural Development Policy Networks in Greece: Is LEADER really different? Land Use Policy, 28(4): 663-673, 2011.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2010.11.005

U. Dolata, Flaws in network - competition and cooperation in the technical development and regulation (orig. German), Politische Verteljahresschrift 41, Sonderheft 31, 2000.

S.N. Eisenstadt, Power, Trust, and Meaning. Essays in sociological Theory and Analysis, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, London, 1995.

J. Engler and A. Kusiak, Mining Authoritativeness of Collaborative Innovation Partners, Int J Comput Commun, 5(1): 42-51, 2010.

W.J. Frawley, G. Piatetsky-Shapiro G. and C.J. Matheus, Knowledge Discovery in Databases: An Overview, AAAI Press, 1992.

D. Hand, H. Mannila and P. Smyth, Principles of Data Mining. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2001.

N.D. Hasanagas and R. Shoesmith, The role of the European Parliament in forest environment issues, European Environment, 12, 213-223, 2002.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eet.296

N.D. Hasanagas, A.D. Styliadis, E. Papadopoulou and L. Sexidis, E- Learning & Environmental Policy: The case of a politico-administrative GIS, Int J Comput Commun, 5(5): 517-524, 2010.

N.D. Hasanagas. Network Analysis Functionality in Environmental Policy: Combining abstract software engineering with field empiricism, Int J Comput Commun, 6(4): 622-635, 2011.

Ch. Henning and A. Wald, On the theory of interest intermediation: A network approach illustrated with the case of the Common European Agricultural Policy (orig. German), Politische Vierteljahreschrift, 41., Heft 4, 647-676, 2000.

N.D. Hasanagas, A.D. Styliadis and E. Papadopoulou, Environmental Policy & Science Management: Using a scientometric-specific GIS for e-learning purposes, Int J Comput Commun, 5(2): 171-178, 2010.

L. Katz, A new Status index derived from sociometric analysis, Psychometrika, V.18, 1, March, 1953.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02289026

D. Knoke and J.H. Kuklinski, Network Analysis. Quantitative applications in the Social Sciences, Sage, California, 1982.

H.S. Ko and S.Y. Nof S.Y. Design Protocols for Task Administration in Collaborative Production Systems, Int J Comput Commun, 5(1): 91-105, 2010.

M. Krott, Public administration in environemntal protection. Results of a service-oriented policy-analysis using the example of the forest protection as an illustration (orig. German), Wilhelm Braumueller Verlag. Wien, 1990.

M. Krott, Self-regulation in forest policy as a challenge to forestry science and practice (orig. German). Forstw. Cbl. 115, 97-107, 1996.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02738589

M. Krott and N.D. Hasanagas, Measuring bridges between sectors: Causative evaluation of cross-sectorality, Forest Policy and Economics, 8: 555-563, 2006.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2005.07.004

S. Alexiadis, Ch. Ladias and N. Hasanagas. Examining Agriculture from a Regional Perspective: Implications for the Common Agricultural Policy, Land Use Policy, 30 (1): 665-669, 2013.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.05.013




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15837/ijccc.2013.2.302



Copyright (c) 2017 Nikolaos D. Hasanagas

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

CC-BY-NC  License for Website User

Articles published in IJCCC user license are protected by copyright.

Users can access, download, copy, translate the IJCCC articles for non-commercial purposes provided that users, but cannot redistribute, display or adapt:

  • Cite the article using an appropriate bibliographic citation: author(s), article title, journal, volume, issue, page numbers, year of publication, DOI, and the link to the definitive published version on IJCCC website;
  • Maintain the integrity of the IJCCC article;
  • Retain the copyright notices and links to these terms and conditions so it is clear to other users what can and what cannot be done with the  article;
  • Ensure that, for any content in the IJCCC article that is identified as belonging to a third party, any re-use complies with the copyright policies of that third party;
  • Any translations must prominently display the statement: "This is an unofficial translation of an article that appeared in IJCCC. Agora University  has not endorsed this translation."

This is a non commercial license where the use of published articles for commercial purposes is forbiden. 

Commercial purposes include: 

  • Copying or downloading IJCCC articles, or linking to such postings, for further redistribution, sale or licensing, for a fee;
  • Copying, downloading or posting by a site or service that incorporates advertising with such content;
  • The inclusion or incorporation of article content in other works or services (other than normal quotations with an appropriate citation) that is then available for sale or licensing, for a fee;
  • Use of IJCCC articles or article content (other than normal quotations with appropriate citation) by for-profit organizations for promotional purposes, whether for a fee or otherwise;
  • Use for the purposes of monetary reward by means of sale, resale, license, loan, transfer or other form of commercial exploitation;

    The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.

[End of CC-BY-NC  License for Website User]


INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS COMMUNICATIONS & CONTROL (IJCCC), With Emphasis on the Integration of Three Technologies (C & C & C),  ISSN 1841-9836.

IJCCC was founded in 2006,  at Agora University, by  Ioan DZITAC (Editor-in-Chief),  Florin Gheorghe FILIP (Editor-in-Chief), and  Misu-Jan MANOLESCU (Managing Editor).

Ethics: This journal is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of, the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Ioan  DZITAC (Editor-in-Chief) at COPE European Seminar, Bruxelles, 2015:

IJCCC is covered/indexed/abstracted in Science Citation Index Expanded (since vol.1(S),  2006); JCR2018: IF=1.585..

IJCCC is indexed in Scopus from 2008 (CiteScore2018 = 1.56):

Nomination by Elsevier for Journal Excellence Award Romania 2015 (SNIP2014 = 1.029): Elsevier/ Scopus

IJCCC was nominated by Elsevier for Journal Excellence Award - "Scopus Awards Romania 2015" (SNIP2014 = 1.029).

IJCCC is in Top 3 of 157 Romanian journals indexed by Scopus (in all fields) and No.1 in Computer Science field by Elsevier/ Scopus.

 

 Impact Factor in JCR2018 (Clarivate Analytics/SCI Expanded/ISI Web of Science): IF=1.585 (Q3). Scopus: CiteScore2018=1.56 (Q2); Editors-in-Chief: Ioan DZITAC & Florin Gheorghe FILIP.