SHRP - Secure Hybrid Routing Protocol over Hierarchical Wireless Sensor Networks

Balaubramanian Muthusenthil, Hyunsung Kim


A data collection via secure routing in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) has given attention to one of security issues. WSNs pose unique security challenges due to their inherent limitations in communication and computing, which makes vulnerable to various attacks. Thus, how to gather data securely and efficiently based on routing protocol is an important issue of WSNs. In this paper, we propose a secure hybrid routing protocol, denoted by SHRP, which combines the geographic based scheme and hierarchical scheme. First of all, SHRP differentiates sensor nodes into two categories, nodes with GPS (NG) and nodes with antennas (NA), to put different roles. After proposing a new clustering scheme, which uses a new weight factor to select cluster head efficiently by using energy level, center weight and mobility after forming cluster, we propose routing scheme based on greedy forwarding. The packets in SHRP are protected based on symmetric and asymmetric cryptosystem, which provides confidentiality, integrity and authenticity. The performance analyses are done by using NS2 and show that SHRP could get better results of packet loss rate, delivery ratio, end to end delay and network lifetime compared to the well known previous schemes.


Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), routing protocol, information security, anonymity, greedy forwarding.

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