A Forward-connection Topology Evolution Model in Wireless Sensor Networks
AbstractThe stability and reliability of the topology structure play an important role in the efficiency of the data collecting for wireless sensor networks. In this paper, a topology evolution model is proposed. The model considers the directionality of the data flow, and adopts the forward connectionism to ensure the neighbor nodes of each node. Furthermore, the model considers the balanced energy overhead in each communication path, adopts the energy balanced mechanism to compute the connection probability to the neighbor nodes. Meanwhile, the process of topology evolution is distributed and the communication radiuses of all sensor nodes are limited. A theoretical analysis exhibits that the model has power-law distribution of node degrees. Simulation shows that the proposed topology evolution model make energy overhead more balanced, and prolongs the lifetime of the network.
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