Middleware for Smart Environments Management

Ionut Anghel, Tudor Cioara, Ioan Salomie, Mihaela Dinsoreanu, Anca Rarau


This paper introduces a self-configuring middleware that manages the processes of context information acquisition and representation from smart closed environments, targeting the development of context aware applications. The environment context information is modeled using three sets: context resources, context actors and context policies. The context model artifacts are generated and administrated at run time by a management infrastructure based on intelligent software agents. The self-configuring property is enforced by monitoring the closed environment in order to detect variations or conditions for which the context model artifacts must be updated. The middleware was tested and validated within the premises of our Distributed Systems Research Laboratory smart environment.


Self-Configuring, Closed Spaces, Context Awareness, Autonomic Computing, Pervasive Systems

Full Text:



G. Roussos and V. Kostakos, rfid in pervasive computing: State-of-the-art and outlook, Pervasive and Mobile Computing, Volume 5, Issue 1 pp. 110-131, ISSN:1574-1192, 2009.

I. Dzitac and B. E. Barbat, Artificial Intelligence + Distributed Systems = Agents, International Journal of Computers, Communications and Control (IJCCC), Vol 4(1), pp. 17-27, ISSN: 1841- 9836, 2009.

Distributed Systems Research Laboratory, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, http://dsrl.coned.utcluj.ro.

D. Fournier, S. Ben Mokhtar and N. Georgantas, Towards Ad hoc Contextual Services for Pervasive Computing, Proceedings of the 1st workshop on Middleware for Service Oriented Computing, pp. 36 - 41, ISBN:1-59593-425-1, 2006.

K. M. Anderson, F. A. Hansen and N. O. Bouvin, Templates and queries in contextual hypermedia, Proceedings of the seventeenth conference on Hypertext and hypermedia, pp. 99 - 110, 2006.

D. Raz, A. Tapani Juhola, J. Serrat-Fernandez and A. Galis, Fast and Efficient Context-Aware Services, Wiley Series on Communications Networking and Distributed Systems, ISBN-13: 978- 0470016688, pp. 5-25, 2006.

T. Hofer,W. Schwinger, M. Pichler, G. Leonhartsberger, J. Altmann andW. Retschitzegger, Contextawareness on mobile devices - the hydrogen approach, Proceedings of the 36th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, pp. 292, USA, 2003.

A. Rarau, K. Pusztai and I.Salomie, MultiFacet Item based Context-Aware Applications, Inernational Journal of Computer and Information Sciences 3(2), pp. 10-18, 2006.

I. Salomie, T. Cioara, I. Anghel and M. Dinsoreanu, RAP - A Basic Context Awareness Model, Proc. Of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Intelligent Computer Communication and Processing, ISBN: 978-1-4244- 2673-7, pp. 315- 318, 2008.

G. Specht and T.Weithoner, Context-Aware Processing of Ontologies in Mobile Environments, 7th Int. Conference on Mobile Data Management, ISBN: 978-1-4244-2673-7, pp. 86, May 2006.

K. C. Lee, J. H. Kim and J. H. Lee, Implementation of Ontology Based Context-Awareness Framework for Ubiquitous Environment, Int. Conference on Multimedia and Ubiquitous Engineering, pp. 278 - 282, April 2007.

P. Bellavista, A. Corradi and R. Montanari, Mobile Computing Middleware for Location and Context-Aware Internet Data Serices, ACM Transactions on Internet Technology (TOIT), Volume 6 , Issue 4, pp. 356 - 380, ISSN:1533-5399, 2006.

G. Spanoudakis and K. Mahbub, A Platform for Context Aware Runtime Web Service Discovery, IEEE Int. Conference on Web Services, pp. 233-240, ISBN: 0-7695-2924-0, 2007.

C. Klein, R. Schmid, C. Leuxner, W. Sitou and B. Spanfelner, A Survey of Context Adaptation in Autonomic Computing, Proc. of the Fourth International Conference on Autonomic and Autonomous Systems, pp. 106 - 111, 2008.

M. Cremene, M. Riveill and C. Martel, A Service-Context Model allowing Dynamical Adaptation, International Journal of Computers, Communications and Control (IJCCC), Vol 1, pp. 163-170, ISSN: 1841-9836, 2006.

F. Seyler, C. Taconet and G. Bernard, Context Aware Orchestration Meta-Model, Proc. Of the Third Int. Conference on Autonomic and Autonomous Systems, pp. 17, 2007.

Y. C. Zhou, X. P. Liu, E. Kahan, X. N.Wang, L. Xue and K. X. Zhou, Context Aware Service Policy Orchestration, Proc of the IEEE International Conference on Web Services, pp. 936-943, 2007.

I. Y.L. Chen, S. J.H. Yang and J. Zhang, Ubiquitous Provision of Context Aware Web Services, IEEE International Conference on Services Computing (SCC'06), pp.60-68, ISBN: 0-7695-2670-5, 2006.

N. O'Connor, R. Cunningham and V. Cahill, Self-Adapting Context Definition, First International Conference on Self-Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems, pp. 336-339, 2007.

R. Calinescu, Model-Driven Autonomic Architecture, Proc. of the Fourth International Conference on Autonomic Computing, pp. 9, 2007.

E. Patouni and N. Alonistioti, A Framework for the Deployment of Self-Managing and Self- Configuring Components in Autonomic Environments, Proc. of the Int. Symposium on a World of Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks, pp. 484-489, 2006.

Infusion Systems Ltd, www.infusionsystems.com.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15837/ijccc.2010.2.2470

Copyright (c) 2017 Ionut Anghel, Tudor Cioara, Ioan Salomie, Mihaela Dinsoreanu, Anca Rarau

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

CC-BY-NC  License for Website User

Articles published in IJCCC user license are protected by copyright.

Users can access, download, copy, translate the IJCCC articles for non-commercial purposes provided that users, but cannot redistribute, display or adapt:

  • Cite the article using an appropriate bibliographic citation: author(s), article title, journal, volume, issue, page numbers, year of publication, DOI, and the link to the definitive published version on IJCCC website;
  • Maintain the integrity of the IJCCC article;
  • Retain the copyright notices and links to these terms and conditions so it is clear to other users what can and what cannot be done with the  article;
  • Ensure that, for any content in the IJCCC article that is identified as belonging to a third party, any re-use complies with the copyright policies of that third party;
  • Any translations must prominently display the statement: "This is an unofficial translation of an article that appeared in IJCCC. Agora University  has not endorsed this translation."

This is a non commercial license where the use of published articles for commercial purposes is forbiden. 

Commercial purposes include: 

  • Copying or downloading IJCCC articles, or linking to such postings, for further redistribution, sale or licensing, for a fee;
  • Copying, downloading or posting by a site or service that incorporates advertising with such content;
  • The inclusion or incorporation of article content in other works or services (other than normal quotations with an appropriate citation) that is then available for sale or licensing, for a fee;
  • Use of IJCCC articles or article content (other than normal quotations with appropriate citation) by for-profit organizations for promotional purposes, whether for a fee or otherwise;
  • Use for the purposes of monetary reward by means of sale, resale, license, loan, transfer or other form of commercial exploitation;

    The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.

[End of CC-BY-NC  License for Website User]

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS COMMUNICATIONS & CONTROL (IJCCC), With Emphasis on the Integration of Three Technologies (C & C & C),  ISSN 1841-9836.

IJCCC was founded in 2006,  at Agora University, by  Ioan DZITAC (Editor-in-Chief),  Florin Gheorghe FILIP (Editor-in-Chief), and  Misu-Jan MANOLESCU (Managing Editor).

Ethics: This journal is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of, the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Ioan  DZITAC (Editor-in-Chief) at COPE European Seminar, Bruxelles, 2015:

IJCCC is covered/indexed/abstracted in Science Citation Index Expanded (since vol.1(S),  2006); JCR2018: IF=1.585..

IJCCC is indexed in Scopus from 2008 (CiteScore2018 = 1.56):

Nomination by Elsevier for Journal Excellence Award Romania 2015 (SNIP2014 = 1.029): Elsevier/ Scopus

IJCCC was nominated by Elsevier for Journal Excellence Award - "Scopus Awards Romania 2015" (SNIP2014 = 1.029).

IJCCC is in Top 3 of 157 Romanian journals indexed by Scopus (in all fields) and No.1 in Computer Science field by Elsevier/ Scopus.


 Impact Factor in JCR2018 (Clarivate Analytics/SCI Expanded/ISI Web of Science): IF=1.585 (Q3). Scopus: CiteScore2018=1.56 (Q2);

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Editors-in-Chief: Ioan DZITAC & Florin Gheorghe FILIP.