A Rate based Congestion Control Mechanism Using Fuzzy Controller in MANETs

Hamideh Zare, Fazlollah Adibnia, Vali Derhami


The traditional congestion control mechanism TCP, performs very poorly in MANETs Because there are a number of new challenges such as wireless link error, medium contention and frequent route failures in this kind of networks. In this paper, we propose a fuzzy adhoc rate-based congestion control (FARCC) to enhance the efficiency of network in MANETs. In FARCC, we use a rate-based transmission scheme using two fuzzy controller of zero order Takagi Sugeno Kang (TSK) model to congestion detection and congestion control. The FARCC sender adjusts data rate by receiving a feedback packet from FARCC destination. NS2-based simulation results show that FARCC outperforms ITP and ATP to achieve, in terms of throughput and fair resource allocation in AdHoc networks under random topology.


Rate control, congestion control, fuzzy controller, channel busyness ratio

Full Text:



Zhai, H.; Chen, X.; Fang, Y.; Rate-Based Transport Control for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, In Proceedings of the IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, 4(1): 2264- 2269, 2005.

Wang1, N.; Huang2, Y.; Liu2, W.; A Fuzzy-Based Transport Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, In Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on sensor network, 2008.

Sundaresan, K.; Anantharaman, V.; Hsieh, H. Y.; Sivakumar, R.; ATP: A Reliable Transport Protocol for Ad-hoc Networks, In MobiHoc 03: Proc. of the 4th ACM International Symposium on Mobile Ad Hoc Networking & Computing, 64-75, 2003.

Kumar, S.; Raghavan, V.; Deng, J.; Medium Access Control Protocols for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks: a Survey, Ad Hoc Networks, 4(3): 326-358, 2004.

Smitha, K.; Anand, H. U.; Mallapur, J. D., Fuzzy Based Congestion Control In Wireless Network, International Journal of Computer Science and Communication, 2(2):469-473, 2011.

Zhai, H.; Chen, X.; Fang, Y.; A Call Admission and Rate Control Scheme for Multimedia Support over IEEE 802.11 Wireless LANs, In Proc. First International Conference on Quality of Service in Heterogeneous Wired/Wireless Networks (QShine 04), 2004.

The network simulator ns-2 website, available at : http://www.isi.edu/nsnam/ns.

Wang, X.; Kar, K.; Cross-layer rate optimization for proportional fairness in multihop wireless networks with random access, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 24(8):1548-1559, 2006.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15837/ijccc.2013.3.244

Copyright (c) 2017 Hamideh Zare, Fazlollah Adibnia, Vali Derhami

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

CC-BY-NC  License for Website User

Articles published in IJCCC user license are protected by copyright.

Users can access, download, copy, translate the IJCCC articles for non-commercial purposes provided that users, but cannot redistribute, display or adapt:

  • Cite the article using an appropriate bibliographic citation: author(s), article title, journal, volume, issue, page numbers, year of publication, DOI, and the link to the definitive published version on IJCCC website;
  • Maintain the integrity of the IJCCC article;
  • Retain the copyright notices and links to these terms and conditions so it is clear to other users what can and what cannot be done with the  article;
  • Ensure that, for any content in the IJCCC article that is identified as belonging to a third party, any re-use complies with the copyright policies of that third party;
  • Any translations must prominently display the statement: "This is an unofficial translation of an article that appeared in IJCCC. Agora University  has not endorsed this translation."

This is a non commercial license where the use of published articles for commercial purposes is forbiden. 

Commercial purposes include: 

  • Copying or downloading IJCCC articles, or linking to such postings, for further redistribution, sale or licensing, for a fee;
  • Copying, downloading or posting by a site or service that incorporates advertising with such content;
  • The inclusion or incorporation of article content in other works or services (other than normal quotations with an appropriate citation) that is then available for sale or licensing, for a fee;
  • Use of IJCCC articles or article content (other than normal quotations with appropriate citation) by for-profit organizations for promotional purposes, whether for a fee or otherwise;
  • Use for the purposes of monetary reward by means of sale, resale, license, loan, transfer or other form of commercial exploitation;

    The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.

[End of CC-BY-NC  License for Website User]

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS COMMUNICATIONS & CONTROL (IJCCC), With Emphasis on the Integration of Three Technologies (C & C & C),  ISSN 1841-9836.

IJCCC was founded in 2006,  at Agora University, by  Ioan DZITAC (Editor-in-Chief),  Florin Gheorghe FILIP (Editor-in-Chief), and  Misu-Jan MANOLESCU (Managing Editor).

Ethics: This journal is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of, the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Ioan  DZITAC (Editor-in-Chief) at COPE European Seminar, Bruxelles, 2015:

IJCCC is covered/indexed/abstracted in Science Citation Index Expanded (since vol.1(S),  2006); JCR2018: IF=1.585..

IJCCC is indexed in Scopus from 2008 (CiteScore2018 = 1.56):

Nomination by Elsevier for Journal Excellence Award Romania 2015 (SNIP2014 = 1.029): Elsevier/ Scopus

IJCCC was nominated by Elsevier for Journal Excellence Award - "Scopus Awards Romania 2015" (SNIP2014 = 1.029).

IJCCC is in Top 3 of 157 Romanian journals indexed by Scopus (in all fields) and No.1 in Computer Science field by Elsevier/ Scopus.


 Impact Factor in JCR2018 (Clarivate Analytics/SCI Expanded/ISI Web of Science): IF=1.585 (Q3). Scopus: CiteScore2018=1.56 (Q2);

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Editors-in-Chief: Ioan DZITAC & Florin Gheorghe FILIP.