Artificial Intelligence + Distributed Systems = Agents

  • Ioan Dzitac “Aurel Vlaicu” University of Arad, Faculty of Exact Sciences, Department of Mathematics-Informatics Str. Elena Dragoi, Nr. 2, Complex Universitar M (Micalaca, zona III), Arad, Romania
  • Boldur E. Bărbat “Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu, “Hermann Oberth” Faculty of Engineering, Department of Research 10, Victoriei Bd, Sibiu, 550024, România


The connection with Wirth’s book goes beyond the title, albeit confining the area to modern Artificial Intelligence (AI). Whereas thirty years ago, to devise effective programs, it became necessary to enhance the classical algorithmic framework with approaches applied to limited and focused subdomains, in the context of broad-band technology and semantic web, applications - running in open, heterogeneous, dynamic and uncertain environments-current paradigms are not enough, because of the shift from programs to processes. Beside the structure as position paper, to give more weight to some basic assertions, results of recent research are abridged and commented upon in line with new paradigms. Among the conclusions: a) Nondeterministic software is unavoidable; its development entails not just new design principles but new computing paradigms. b) Agent-oriented systems, to be effectual, should merge conventional agent design with approaches employed in advanced distributed systems (where parallelism is intrinsic to the problem, not just a mean to speed up).


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How to Cite
DZITAC, Ioan; BĂRBAT, Boldur E.. Artificial Intelligence + Distributed Systems = Agents. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS COMMUNICATIONS & CONTROL, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, p. 17-26, mar. 2009. ISSN 1841-9844. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 11 july 2020. doi:


open, heterogeneous, dynamic and uncertain environments (OHDUE); computer-aided decision-making; nonalgorithmic software; bounded rationality; agent-oriented software engineering (AOSE).