Human Intervention and Interface Design in Automation Systems

  • Pere Ponsa Automatic Control Department Technical University of Catalonia EPSEVG, Av. Víctor Balaguer, 08800 Vilanova i la Geltrú, Barcelona, Spain
  • Ramón Vilanova Department de Telecomunicació i Enginyeria de Sistemes Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona 08193, Bellaterra, Spain
  • Beatriz Amante Project Department Technical University of Catalonia ETSEIAT Edifici TR5, C. Colom 11, 08222, Barcelona, Spain

Abstract

Human-Machine-Interfaces are with no doubt one of the constitutive parts of an automation system. However, it is not till recently that they have received appropriate attention. It is because of a major concern about aspects related to maintenance, safety, achieve operator awareness, etc has been gained. Even there are in the market software solutions that allow for the design of efficient and complex interaction systems, it is not widespread the use of a rational design of the overall interface system, especially for large scale systems where the monitoring and supervision systems may include hundreds of interfacing screens. It is on this respect hat this communication provides an example of such development also by showing how to include the automation level operational modes into the interfacing system. Another important aspect is how the human operator can enter the control loop in different ways, and such interaction needs to be considered as an integral part of the automation procedure as well as the communication of the automation device.In this paper the application of design and operational modes guidelines in automation are presented inside an educational flexible manufacturing system case study.

References

[1] T. Sheridan and P. Parasuraman, "Human automation interaction," Reviews of Human Factors and Ergonomics, vol. 1, pp. 89–129, 2006.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1518/155723405783703082

[2] Rockwell, "Arena simulation software," In URL: http://www.arenasimulation.com, 2009.

[3] H. Boukef, M. Benrejeb, and P. Borne, "A proposed genetic algorithm coding for flow-shop scheduling problems," International Journal of Computers, Communications and Control, no. 3, pp. 229–240, 2007.

[4] P. Ponsa, B. Amante, J. Roman, S. Oliver, M.Díaz, and J. Vives, "Higher education challenges: introduction of active methodologies in engineering curricula," International Journal of Engineering Education, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 799–813, 2009.

[5] Wonderware, "Wonderware intouch hmi," In URL: http://global.wonderware.com, 2009.

[6] F. Véliz and G. Lefranc, "Improvement and extension of virtual reality for flexible systems of manufacture," International Journal of Computers, Communications and Control, no. 2, pp. 95–101, 2006.

[7] P. Ponsa, R. Vilanova, and B. Amante, "Towards integral human-machine system conception: from automation design to usability concerns," HSI 2009 - Human System Interaction 2nd International Conference, Catania, Italy, 2009.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/hsi.2009.5091018

[8] P. Ponsa, R. Vilanova, M. Díaz, and A. Gomŕ, "Application of a guideline for design improvement in supervisory control," International Journal on Human.Computer Interaction, vol. 1, pp. 21–36, 2007.

[9] B. Schneiderman, Designing the user interface. Strategies for effective human.computer interaction. Addison-Wesley, third edition, 1997.

[10] P. Ponsa and M. Díaz, "Application of an ergonomic guideline for sugar mill control room interface design," FAIM, 17th International Conference on Factory Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing, Philadelphia, USA, vol. 1, pp. 89–129, 2007.

[11] K. Kurihara, S. Takigawa, N. Nishiuchi, and M. Kitaoka, "Factory automation control software designing method based on petri nets," International Journal of Production Research, vol. 40, no. 15, pp. 3605–3625, 2002.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00207540210136450

[12] E. Gutuleac, "Descriptive time membrane petri nets for modeling of parallel computing," International Journal of Computers, Communications and Control, no. 3, pp. 33–39, 2006.

[13] F. Córdova, L. Canete, and L. Q. F. Yanine, "An intelligent supervising system for the operation of an underground mine," International Journal of Computers, Communications and Control, no. 4, pp. 259–269, 2008.

[14] R. Vilanova and O. Arrieta, "Balanced pid tuning application to series cascade control systems," International Journal of Computers, Communications and Control, no. 4, pp. 521– 525, 2008.

[15] AFCET-ADEPA, "Le grafcet," Second Edition, Toulouse, Opadus, 1995.

[16] ADEPA, "Le gemma. guide d'etude des modes de marches et d'arrets," Montrouge, ADEPA, 1981.

[17] P. Ponsa and R. Vilanova, Automatización de procesos mediante la guía GEMMA. Edicions UPC, no. 105, 2005.

[18] K. Li, S. Thompson, P. Wieringa, and J. Xeng, "A study on the role on human operators in supervisory automation system and its implications," Proceedings of the 4th World Intelligent Control and Automation, pp. 3288–3293, 2002.
Published
2010-03-01
How to Cite
PONSA, Pere; VILANOVA, Ramón; AMANTE, Beatriz. Human Intervention and Interface Design in Automation Systems. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS COMMUNICATIONS & CONTROL, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 166-174, mar. 2010. ISSN 1841-9844. Available at: <http://univagora.ro/jour/index.php/ijccc/article/view/2211>. Date accessed: 05 july 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.15837/ijccc.2011.1.2211.

Keywords

human-automation interaction, process control, display design