EECDA: Energy Efficient Clustering and Data Aggregation Protocol for Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks
AbstractIn recent years, energy efficiency and data gathering is a major concern in many applications of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). One of the important issues in WSNs is how to save the energy consumption for prolonging the network lifetime. For this purpose, many novel innovative techniques are required to improve the energy efficiency and lifetime of the network. In this paper, we propose a novel Energy Efficient Clustering and Data Aggregation (EECDA) protocol for the heterogeneous WSNs which combines the ideas of energy efficient cluster based routing and data aggregation to achieve a better performance in terms of lifetime and stability. EECDA protocol includes a novel cluster head election technique and a path would be selected with maximum sum of energy residues for data transmission instead of the path with minimum energy consumption. Simulation results show that EECDA balances the energy consumption and prolongs the network lifetime by a factor of 51%, 35% and 10% when compared with Low-Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH), Energy Efficient Hierarchical Clustering Algorithm (EEHCA) and Effective Data Gathering Algorithm (EDGA), respectively.
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