A Multi-Agent System Architecture for Coordination of the Real-Time Control Functions in Complex Industrial Systems

Jiang Wu, Raynitchka Tzoneva

Abstract


Multi-agent system architecture for coordination of the real-time control functions in complex industrial systems is presented. The problem which must be solved out is how efficiently to organize the interactions between tasks in order to satisfy the functionality and the time restriction of the system. In order to solve this problem, the treatment of the task interactions is separated from the tasks and is implemented by the proposed multi-agent system. A general three level multi-agent system is introduced to manage the interactions and schedule of tasks. A framework of building of the schedule of the tasks is also presented. Finally, the benefits of the proposed architecture are discussed.

Keywords


Middleware, Multi-agent system architecture, Real-time task, Coordination

Full Text:

PDF

References


H. Gomaa, Designing Concurrent, Distributed, and Real-Time Applications with UML, Addison-Wesley, 2000.

A. Gambier, Real-time control systems: a tutorial, The Fifth Asian Control Conference, Melbourne, Australia, 2004.

C. Liu, J. Layland, Scheduling Algorithms for Multiprogramming in a Hard-Real-Time Environment, Association for Computing Machinery. Vol.20, No. 1, pp. 46-61, 1973.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/321738.321743

E. Jensen, C.Locke, H. Tokuda, A time-driven scheduling model for real-time operating systems, Proceedings of the IEEE Real-Time Systems Symposium, 1985.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_port_(software)

C. Castelfranchi, Guarantees for autonomy in cognitive agent architecture. In M. Wooldridge, N. Jennings, (eds), Intelligent Agents: Theories, Architectures, and Languages. LNAI Vol.890, pp.56–70,Springer-Verlag: Heidelberg, 1995.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/3-540-58855-8_3

M. Genesereth, S. Ketchpel, Software agents. Communications of the ACM, 37(7), pp.48–53, 1994.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/176789.176794

H. Chebeane, F. Echalier, Towards the use of a multi-agents event based design to improve reactivity of production systems, Computers & Industrial Engineering, Vol.37, No.1-2, pp.9- 13, 1999.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0360-8352(99)00013-3

M. Wooldridge, N. Jennings, Intelligent agents: theory and practice, The Knowledge Engineering Review, 10(2), pp.115-152, 1995.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0269888900008122

T. Henzinger, B. Horowitz, C. Kirsch, Giotto: A time-triggered language for embedded programing, Proceedings of the IEEE 91, pp.84–99, 2003.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JPROC.2002.805825

T. Henzinger, C. Kirsch, M. Sanvido, W. Pree, From control models to real-time code using giotto, IEEE Control Systems Magazine 23(1), p.50–64, 2003.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MCS.2003.1172829

E. Farcas, C. Farcas, W. Pree, J. Templ, Transparent distribution of real-time components based on logical execution time, In Y. Paek, R. Gupta (eds.): LCTES, ACM, pp.31–39, 2005.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1065910.1065915

C. Farcas, W. Pree, A deterministic infrastructure for real-time distributed systems, In: OSPERT 2007 Workshop on Operating Systems Platforms for Embedded Real-Time applications, 2007.

A. Ghosal, T. Henzinger, D. Iercan, C. Kirsch, A. Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Hierarchical coordination language for interacting real-time tasks, In: Proceedings of the 6th ACM International Conference on Embedded software, Seoul, Korea, ACM (Oct 2006), pp.132–141, 2006.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1176887.1176907




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15837/ijccc.2011.4.2108



Copyright (c) 2017 Jiang Wu, Raynitchka Tzoneva

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

CC-BY-NC  License for Website User

Articles published in IJCCC user license are protected by copyright.

Users can access, download, copy, translate the IJCCC articles for non-commercial purposes provided that users, but cannot redistribute, display or adapt:

  • Cite the article using an appropriate bibliographic citation: author(s), article title, journal, volume, issue, page numbers, year of publication, DOI, and the link to the definitive published version on IJCCC website;
  • Maintain the integrity of the IJCCC article;
  • Retain the copyright notices and links to these terms and conditions so it is clear to other users what can and what cannot be done with the  article;
  • Ensure that, for any content in the IJCCC article that is identified as belonging to a third party, any re-use complies with the copyright policies of that third party;
  • Any translations must prominently display the statement: "This is an unofficial translation of an article that appeared in IJCCC. Agora University  has not endorsed this translation."

This is a non commercial license where the use of published articles for commercial purposes is forbiden. 

Commercial purposes include: 

  • Copying or downloading IJCCC articles, or linking to such postings, for further redistribution, sale or licensing, for a fee;
  • Copying, downloading or posting by a site or service that incorporates advertising with such content;
  • The inclusion or incorporation of article content in other works or services (other than normal quotations with an appropriate citation) that is then available for sale or licensing, for a fee;
  • Use of IJCCC articles or article content (other than normal quotations with appropriate citation) by for-profit organizations for promotional purposes, whether for a fee or otherwise;
  • Use for the purposes of monetary reward by means of sale, resale, license, loan, transfer or other form of commercial exploitation;

    The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.

[End of CC-BY-NC  License for Website User]


INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS COMMUNICATIONS & CONTROL (IJCCC), With Emphasis on the Integration of Three Technologies (C & C & C),  ISSN 1841-9836.

IJCCC was founded in 2006,  at Agora University, by  Ioan DZITAC (Editor-in-Chief),  Florin Gheorghe FILIP (Editor-in-Chief), and  Misu-Jan MANOLESCU (Managing Editor).

Ethics: This journal is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of, the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Ioan  DZITAC (Editor-in-Chief) at COPE European Seminar, Bruxelles, 2015:

IJCCC is covered/indexed/abstracted in Science Citation Index Expanded (since vol.1(S),  2006); JCR2018: IF=1.585..

IJCCC is indexed in Scopus from 2008 (CiteScore2018 = 1.56):

Nomination by Elsevier for Journal Excellence Award Romania 2015 (SNIP2014 = 1.029): Elsevier/ Scopus

IJCCC was nominated by Elsevier for Journal Excellence Award - "Scopus Awards Romania 2015" (SNIP2014 = 1.029).

IJCCC is in Top 3 of 157 Romanian journals indexed by Scopus (in all fields) and No.1 in Computer Science field by Elsevier/ Scopus.

 

 Impact Factor in JCR2018 (Clarivate Analytics/SCI Expanded/ISI Web of Science): IF=1.585 (Q3). Scopus: CiteScore2018=1.56 (Q2); Editors-in-Chief: Ioan DZITAC & Florin Gheorghe FILIP.