A Non-cooperative Game Algorithm for Task Scheduling in Wireless Sensor Networks

Liang Dai, Yilin Chang, Zhong Shen


Scheduling tasks in wireless sensor networks is one of the most challenging problems. Sensing tasks should be allocated and processed among sensors in minimum times, so that users can draw prompt and effective conclusions through analyzing sensed data. Furthermore, finishing sensing task faster will benefit energy saving, which is critical in system design of wireless sensor networks. But sensors may refuse to take pains to carry out the tasks due to the limited energy. To solve the potentially selfish problem of the sensors, a non-cooperative game algorithm (NGTSA) for task scheduling in wireless sensor networks is proposed. In the proposed algorithm, according to the divisible load theory, the tasks are distributed reasonably to every node from SINK based on the processing capability and communication capability. By removing the performance degradation caused by communications interference and idle, the reduced task completion time and the improved network resource utilization are achieved. Strategyproof mechanism which provide incentives to the sensors to obey the prescribed algorithms, and to truthfully report their parameters, leading to an effient task scheduling and execution. A utility function related with the total task completion time and tasks allocating scheme is designed. The Nash equilibrium of the game algorithm is proved. The simulation results show that with the mechanism in the algorithm, selfish nodes can be forced to report their true processing capability and endeavor to participate in the measurement, thereby the total time for accomplishing the task is minimized and the energy-consuming of the nodes is balanced.


wireless sensor networks; task scheduling; divisible load theory; game algorithm; mechanism design

Full Text:



C. Pandana, H. Zhu, L. Ray, Cooperation Enforcement and Learning for Optimizing Packet Forwarding in Autonomous Wireless Networks. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol.7, No.8, pp.3150-3163, 2008.

V. Bharadwaj, D. Ghose, T. G.ROBERTAZZI, Divisible Load Theory: A New Paradigm for Load Scheduling in Distributed Systems. Cluster Computing, vol.6, No.1, pp.7-18, 2003.

M. Moges, T.G. Robertazzi, Wireless Sensor Networks: Scheduling for Measurement and Data Reporting. IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, vol.42, No.1, pp.327- 340, 2006.

H. LIU, X. YUAN, M. Moges, An Efficient Task Scheduling Method for Improved Network Delay in Distributed Sensor Networks. In Proceedings of TridentCom 2007, Orlando, FL, USA, 1-8, 2007.

H. LIU, J. SHEN, X. YUAN, M. Moges, Performance Analysis of Data Aggregation in Wireless Sensor Mesh Networks, In Proceedings of Earth & Space 2008, Akron, OH, USA, 1-8, 2008.

C. Kijeung, T. G. Robertazzi, Divisible Load Scheduling in Wireless Sensor Networks with Information Utility Performance. In Proceedings of IPCCC 2008, Austin, Texas, USA, 9-17, 2008.

Z. ZENG, A. LIU, D. LI, A Highly Efficient DAG Task Scheduling Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks, In Proceedings of ICYCS 2008,Zhang Jia Jie, Hunan, China, 570-575, 2008.

J. LIN, W. XIAO, F. L. Lewis, Energy-Efficient Distributed Adaptive Multisensor Scheduling for Target Tracking in Wireless Sensor Networks. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol.58, No.6, pp.1886 - 1896, 2009.

P. Guo, T. Jiang, K. Zhang, H. Chen, Clustering algorithm in initialization of multi-hop wireless sensor networks. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol.8, No.12, pp. 5713–5717, 2009.

N. Nisan, A. Ronen. Algorithmic mechanism design, Games and Economic Behavior, vol.35, nos.1-2, pp.166 -196, 2001.

W. Heinzelman, A. Chandrakasan, An Application-specifid Protocol Architecture for Wireless Microsensor Networks. IEEE Transaction on Wireless Communications, vol.1, No.4, pp. 660-670, 2002.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15837/ijccc.2011.4.2087

Copyright (c) 2017 Liang Dai, Yilin Chang, Zhong Shen

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

CC-BY-NC  License for Website User

Articles published in IJCCC user license are protected by copyright.

Users can access, download, copy, translate the IJCCC articles for non-commercial purposes provided that users, but cannot redistribute, display or adapt:

  • Cite the article using an appropriate bibliographic citation: author(s), article title, journal, volume, issue, page numbers, year of publication, DOI, and the link to the definitive published version on IJCCC website;
  • Maintain the integrity of the IJCCC article;
  • Retain the copyright notices and links to these terms and conditions so it is clear to other users what can and what cannot be done with the  article;
  • Ensure that, for any content in the IJCCC article that is identified as belonging to a third party, any re-use complies with the copyright policies of that third party;
  • Any translations must prominently display the statement: "This is an unofficial translation of an article that appeared in IJCCC. Agora University  has not endorsed this translation."

This is a non commercial license where the use of published articles for commercial purposes is forbiden. 

Commercial purposes include: 

  • Copying or downloading IJCCC articles, or linking to such postings, for further redistribution, sale or licensing, for a fee;
  • Copying, downloading or posting by a site or service that incorporates advertising with such content;
  • The inclusion or incorporation of article content in other works or services (other than normal quotations with an appropriate citation) that is then available for sale or licensing, for a fee;
  • Use of IJCCC articles or article content (other than normal quotations with appropriate citation) by for-profit organizations for promotional purposes, whether for a fee or otherwise;
  • Use for the purposes of monetary reward by means of sale, resale, license, loan, transfer or other form of commercial exploitation;

    The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.

[End of CC-BY-NC  License for Website User]

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS COMMUNICATIONS & CONTROL (IJCCC), With Emphasis on the Integration of Three Technologies (C & C & C),  ISSN 1841-9836.

IJCCC was founded in 2006,  at Agora University, by  Ioan DZITAC (Editor-in-Chief),  Florin Gheorghe FILIP (Editor-in-Chief), and  Misu-Jan MANOLESCU (Managing Editor).

Ethics: This journal is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of, the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Ioan  DZITAC (Editor-in-Chief) at COPE European Seminar, Bruxelles, 2015:

IJCCC is covered/indexed/abstracted in Science Citation Index Expanded (since vol.1(S),  2006); JCR2016: IF=1.374. .

IJCCC is indexed in Scopus from 2008 (CiteScore 2017 = 1.04; SNIP2017 = 0.616, SJR2017 =0.326):

Nomination by Elsevier for Journal Excellence Award Romania 2015 (SNIP2014 = 1.029): Elsevier/ Scopus

IJCCC was nominated by Elsevier for Journal Excellence Award - "Scopus Awards Romania 2015" (SNIP2014 = 1.029).

IJCCC is in Top 3 of 157 Romanian journals indexed by Scopus (in all fields) and No.1 in Computer Science field by Elsevier/ Scopus.


 Impact Factor in JCR2017 (Clarivate Analytics/SCI Expanded/ISI Web of Science): IF=1.29 (Q3). Scopus: CiteScore2017=1.04 (Q2); Editors-in-Chief: Ioan DZITAC & Florin Gheorghe FILIP.