Enhancing Nodes Lifetime Optimum Protocol for Dissemination of Information in WSN
AbstractChallenging issue in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is assessment ofenergy and lifetime at different nodes within the networks. Various methods may beemployed to improve lifetime (reduce energy consumption). One such method involvesbalancing loads on nodes when data is being transmitted from source to destinationnodes. Multi-path routing techniques can be used for this purpose. In these techniquesno global information is available regard the path, making it difficult to create multipathroutes from sources nodes to destination nodes. Another problem with thesenetworks is a routing applied to source nodes independently from that applied usedfor destination nodes. This creates energy loss and reduces lifetime. To overcomethis problem, the present paper makes use of clustering by selecting virtual nodesto gather information from sources and sending it to destination nodes. The NewProtocol for Enhancing Nods Lifetime (PENL) is implemented through NS-2.
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