Public Discourse Semantics. A Method of Anticipating Economic Crisis

  • Daniela Gîfu Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, Faculty of Computer Science 16, General Berthelot St., 700483 Iaşi, Romania
  • Dan Cristea 1. Romanian Academy - the Iasi branch, Institute for Theoretical Computer Science 2, T. Codrescu St., 700481 Iaşi, Romania and 2. Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, Faculty of Computer Science 16, General Berthelot St., 700483 Iaşi, Romania

Abstract

This paper provides a proof that anticipation of an economic crisis by analysing public discourses (in particular, speeches on economic issues) is feasible. It proposes a method of text classification and semantic interpretation based on natural language processing techniques that could be used to trace, over a period of time, the print press discourses, with the aim to valuate the perspective of occurrence of crises. Classification is the task of assigning tags (words, expressions) to the texts that make up a corpus. In our case, we were interested to identify among the texts under scrutiny those belonging to classes like financial, economic, nationalism, etc. This approach is sustained by the fact that public discourses can be characterized from a rhetorical perspective, depending on the specific strategies their authors have chosen: orientation to change opinions or to determine action, ratio between rational (logos) and emotional (pathos), etc. We are sugesting an automatic analysis of the content of the public language, by using quantitative measures. Our purpose was to develop a computational tool able to offer to researchers in the economic, social or political sciences, but, not less, to the public at large, the possibility to measure the acuity of different accents of a written public discourse (financial, emotional, etc.), as mean to anticipate the threat of financial waves. Such a tool could help the processes of decision making in the analysis of crisis. Although our analysis used as data the journalistic and economic environments of Romania, it could easily be extrapolated to other languages/countries.

Author Biography

Daniela Gîfu, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, Faculty of Computer Science 16, General Berthelot St., 700483 Iaşi, Romania
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science

References

[1] Bürger, C.,Textanalyse als Ideologiekritik, Zur Rezeption zeitgenössischer Unterhaltungsliteratur, Frankfurt am Main, Athenäum, 1973.

[2] Cristea, D., Răschip, M., Forăscu, C., Haja, G., Florescu, C., Aldea, B., Dănilă, E., The Digital Form of the Thesaurus Dictionary of the Romanian Language, in Proceedings of SpeD 2007 Speech Technology and Human-Computer Dialogue, Iaşi, May 10-12, 2007.

[10] Dijk van, T. A., Sémantique générale et théorie des textes, Linguistics, 62, 66-95, 1970.

[3] Gerstlé, J., Comunicarea politică, trad. Gabriela Cămară Ionesi, Institutul European, Iaşi, 94, 2002.

[4] Gîfu, D., Cristea, D., Computational Techniques in Political Language Processing: AnaDiP- 2011, in J.J. Park, L.T. Yang, and C. Lee (Eds.), FutureTech 2011, Part II, CCIS 185, 188-195, 2011.

[5] Lasswell, H. D., Politics: Who Gets What, When, How, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1936.

[6] Lazarsfeld, P. F., Berelson, B., Hazel, G., The Peoples Choice: How the Voter Makes up His Mind in a Presidential Campaign, 3d ed., New York, Columbia University Press, 1944.

[7] Perelman, C., Olbrechts-Tyteca, L., Traité de l’argumentation, Éd. de l’Institut de Sociologie de l’Université Libre de Bruxelles, 72, 1972.

[1] Plett, H. F., Ştiinta textului şi analiza de text, trad. Speranţa Stănescu, Ed. Univers, Bucureşti: 72, 1983.

[9] Romaine, S., Language in society. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, Oxford University Press Inc., New York, 1994.

[11] Wodak, R., Critical Linguistics and Critical Discourse Analysis, Handbook of Pragmatics, Benjamins, 2006.
Published
2014-09-13
How to Cite
GÎFU, Daniela; CRISTEA, Dan. Public Discourse Semantics. A Method of Anticipating Economic Crisis. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS COMMUNICATIONS & CONTROL, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 5, p. 832-839, sep. 2014. ISSN 1841-9844. Available at: <http://univagora.ro/jour/index.php/ijccc/article/view/1338>. Date accessed: 05 july 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.15837/ijccc.2012.5.1338.

Keywords

public language, text categorization, semantic analysis, economic crisis