A Fairness Load Balancing Algorithm in HWN Using a Multihoming Strategy
AbstractDue to the growth of the number of intelligent devices and thebroadband requirements, between others technical requirements, of the newapplications, suppose a new challenge in planning, maintenance and resourceallocation in mobile networks for the telecommunication operators. Serviceproviders must ensure a quality of service for users in a new environmentbased in Heterogeneous Wireless Networks (HWN). A good way to achievethis goal is to prevent the quantity of services of each mobile users beingconnected to the same access networks and therefore reducing the possibilityof overloading it. This paper presents a load balancing optimization schemethat enables operators to make decisions about re-allocation of each of theservices in different access networks, keeping the required Quality of Service(QoS). In this paper, we propose 1) a mathematical model addressed as afairness resource allocation in order to obtain a global load balancing, and 2) atwo-step algorithm based on the anchor-adjustment heuristic to solve it. Ouralgorithm contribute to unload the network with maximum load while at thesame time, the other networks are balanced. As a result, we show that ouralgorithm finds (near)-optimal solutions while keeps low complexity.
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