• Gheorghe Popa Romanian-American University, Bucharest, Romania
  • Ionel Necula National Forensic Science Institute, Bucharest, Romania,


In some European countries, expert status is defined by the legislation, whereas, inothers, by the membership of a professional group or specialized institution under theMinistry of Justice and Police, this subordination being of a financial nature, withoutaffecting the expertise itself.This article contain a point of view regarding the European judicial system, the termexpert’s different meanings and the criteria that define an expert’s status and which aredifferent from one state to another.


C. Grigoraş, Judicial Expertise in Europe and the ECHR Practice, Communication
Symposium, “Novelties in the Field of Forensic Science, Criminal Law and Criminal
Procedure”, organized by the Romanian Forensic Association, Bucharest, 2009.

Code of Conduct for forensic practitioners developed at the level of ENFSI, “CODE
of CONDUCT” (BRD-GEN-003/16.6/2005);

Council Framework Decision no. 2009/905/JAI on accreditation of forensic service

Government Ordinance no. 10 of 25 July 2012 by which the legal framework for the
automated search of reference data in relation to the European Union Member States was
created and which provides the recognition of laboratory activities regarding dactyloscopic

Law no.135/2010 on the New Criminal Procedure Code, published in the Official
Journal of Romania, Part I, no. 486 of 15 July 2010;

Law nr.156/2011 amending and supplementing Art. 1 of Government Ordinance no.
75/2000 on the authorization of forensic experts. Published in the Official Journal of
Romania, Part I, no. 519 of 22 July 2011;

The European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice, “European judicial systems,
efficiency and quality of justice”, 2012, / cepej.

The Romanian Criminal Procedure Code; European Comission for the Efficiency of Justice, Systèmes

judiciaires européens, Efficacité et qualité de la justice, Les études de la CEPEJ no.18,
Editions du Conseil de l’Europe, Publishing Editions 2012.

How to Cite
POPA, Gheorghe; NECULA, Ionel. STUDY ON EXPERT STATUS IN THE EUROPEAN JUDICIAL SYSTEM. AGORA INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF JURIDICAL SCIENCES, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 3, oct. 2013. ISSN 2067-7677. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 17 may 2022. doi:


expert;status;system;European juridical system