NULLUM CRIMEN SINE LEGE

LAURA-ROXANA POPOVICIU

Abstract


This article discusses the issue of one of the most important Latin expressions that establish at the level of general principle that no crime exists outside the law.
The purpose of the criminal law being the defense against the offenses of the right order, ensuring this order implies a strict respect of the principle of legality.
Part of the principle of legality, the legality of incrimination, was formulated among the first, by the Beccaria in Dei delitti e delle pene and proclaimed also in the Declaration of Human and Citizen Rights (1789).
Subsequently, the principle of legality of incrimination was passed in most criminal codes and even in some constitutions.
The Romanian penal code emphasizes that the incriminations can only take place by law, not by other normative acts.
In our law, crime is the sole basis of criminal liability.
The second part of the principle of legality stipulates the legality of the punishments, so that, the crime being the only theme of the criminal liability, at the time of the commission the sanction must also intervene. Only when the sanction intervenes, it must be taken into account in particular that by sanctioning the offenders and the way in which the punishments are enforced some fundamental rights of the person are restricted, such as: freedom of movement, enshrined in all democratic constitutions, free development of the personality of the man and of his participation in the social and economic life, in the family life, the interruption of the professional activity and not lastly the affectation of his dignity. Therefore legality is a fundamental principle of criminal law: the criminalization can only take place through a law, and the sanction only if it is provided by law.

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References


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Editor-in-Chief

 

Associate Editor-in-Chief

  1. PhD. Professor Cornelia Lefter, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania
  2. PhD. Professor Adriana Manolescu, Agora University of Oradea, Romania
 

Scientific Editor

 

Executive editors

  1. PhD. Professor Salvo Ando, University “Kore” Enna, Italy
  2. PhD. Associate Professor Alina Angela Manolescu, Agora University of Oradea, Romania

Associate editors

  1. PhD. Professor Alfio D'Urso, University „MAGNA GRECIA” University of Catanzaro, Italy
  2. Agnieszka Wedeł-Domaradzka, University of Economy in Bydgoszcz, Poland
  3. PhD. Alexandru Cordos, Christian University ”Dimitrie Cantemir”, Romania
  4. PhD.in Law, Assistant Professor José Noronha Rodrigues, Açores University, Portugal
  5. PhD. Professor Luigi Melica, University of Lecce, Italy
  6. PhD. Professor Jozsef SZABADFALVI, University of Debrecen, Hungaria
  7. PhD. Professor Farkas Akos, University of Miskolc,  Hungary
  8. PhD. Szabó Szabó BÉLA, University of Debrecen, Hungary
  9. PhD. Professor Brânduşa Stefanescu, University of Economics, Bucharest, Romania
  10. PhD. Professor Ovidiu Predescu, ″Law Journal″ (assistant chief editor), "Criminal Law Journal″ (assistant chief), Bucharest, Romania
  11. PhD. Professor Ioan-Nuţu Mircea, associated professor ”Babeş-Bolyai“ University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  12. PhD. Professor Alexandru Boroi, Police Academy ”Alexandru Ioan Cuza“, Bucharest, Romania
  13. PhD. Professor Luminita Gabriela Popescu, National School of Political Studies and Public Administration, Bucharest, Romania

 

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