CONSIDERATIONS RELATING TO CERTAIN ASPECTS OF THE APPEAL IN THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Barbu Denisa

Abstract


The appeal constitutes a judicial mechanism made available to consumers and to the Prosecutor that aims straight for errors committed by a Court of law in its approach of jurisdiction. The term judicial error must be understood in this context as defined in its broad, drawing together both errors of fact and errors of law. Therefore, the appeal is made for the one dissatisfied with the Court decision as a veritable juridical panacea.
The role of the right of appeal is not limited to conferring the possibility of requesting a new retrial of the case. They serve the interests of private individuals higher interests, being accused of public order needs. Thus, the existence of remedies is required by principles such as finding out the truth, the right to a fair trial and the reasons for the population’s confidence in the judiciary or the respect due to justice.
The new code of criminal procedure1 has reformed the system of appeal may be exercised in criminal matters, giving them a generous space between regulators, art. 408 and 470. We meet thus, in penal matters, the following remedies: appeal, opposition, and cancellation, opposition in cassation, review and reopening of criminal trial resulting from the absence of the person convicted. Distinct from these, we encounter the complaint which may be made against preventive measures (judicial review and judicial control on security) prepared by the Prosecutor during criminal proceedings and which is addressed to judge rights and freedoms. Still exemplifying, we may meet and demand the cancellation or reduction of the fine, governed by art. 284 of NCPP, and the examples do not stop there. We must note that, in our opinion these latter examples may be considered legal remedies only in the usage of the term largo sensu „remedy”. From the etymological point of view, the appeal originates in French, designating a claim appel, a calling application, a request etc. addressed to persons or institutions in order that the latter to settle claims by the appellant.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15837/aijjs.v10i2.2803

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