HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF THE LAW

Petru Tărchilă

Abstract


         The entire community acted according to these rules because their disobedience had an influence on the survival of the entire community, as they had a powerful mystical and religious character. Sanction measures evolved along with the evolution of communities and they were applied to individuals who disobeyed and broke these rules. Thus, the first forms of human community used the death penalty (blood revenge[1]) as means of punishment for serious violation of the rules of coexistence. Later on, death penalty was replaced by the individual`s expulsion from the community and as communities evolved, material redemption was used instead of expulsion. The first judicial norms (the germs of law) developed among these social cohabitation, organization and behaviour rules. Judicial norms differed from other rules due to their compulsory character and by appeal to the coercive force of the community when they were broken by certain individuals. The change of social, customized norms into judicial norms and the emergence of law as independent entity take place along with the occurrence of state and public power rooted in the Greek – Roman Antiquity.  It has been set that law is a social phenomenon incidental to human society; thus, Romans have expressed this statement through the phrase: “ubi societas, ibi jus”, namely law occurs along with the society. Law, like society is not a static, immutable entity issued once and for all; they are under constant development and social-historical evolution. As social phenomenon, social law experiences a constant historical evolution, bearing the mark of historical periods and cultural, spiritual and religious features of nations.           


[1][1] see I. Craiovan, Teoria generala a dreptului, Ed. Sibila, Craiova, 2009, pp. 11-15.


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References


Banciu, D., Control social si sanctiuni sociale, Ed. Hyperion, Bucuresti, 2012, p. 10

Craiovan, I., Teoria generala a dreptului, Ed. Sibila, Craiova, 2009.

Djuvara, M., Teoria generala a dreptului, Bucuresti, 1930.

Popa, N., Teoria generala a dreptului, Ed. Actomi, Bucuresti, 1996, p. 80.

Popescu, S., Conceptii contemporane despre drept, Ed. Academiei, Bucuresti, 2010,

p. 74-75.




Editor-in-Chief

 

Associate Editor-in-Chief

  1. PhD. Professor Cornelia Lefter, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania
  2. PhD. Professor Adriana Manolescu, Agora University of Oradea, Romania
 

Scientific Editor

 

Executive editors

  1. PhD. Professor Salvo Ando, University “Kore” Enna, Italy
  2. PhD. Associate Professor Alina Angela Manolescu, Agora University of Oradea, Romania

Associate editors

  1. PhD. Professor Alfio D'Urso, University „MAGNA GRECIA” University of Catanzaro, Italy
  2. Agnieszka Wedeł-Domaradzka, University of Economy in Bydgoszcz, Poland
  3. PhD. Alexandru Cordos, Christian University ”Dimitrie Cantemir”, Romania
  4. PhD.in Law, Assistant Professor José Noronha Rodrigues, Açores University, Portugal
  5. PhD. Professor Luigi Melica, University of Lecce, Italy
  6. PhD. Professor Jozsef SZABADFALVI, University of Debrecen, Hungaria
  7. PhD. Professor Farkas Akos, University of Miskolc,  Hungary
  8. PhD. Szabó Szabó BÉLA, University of Debrecen, Hungary
  9. PhD. Professor Brânduşa Stefanescu, University of Economics, Bucharest, Romania
  10. PhD. Professor Ovidiu Predescu, ″Law Journal″ (assistant chief editor), "Criminal Law Journal″ (assistant chief), Bucharest, Romania
  11. PhD. Professor Ioan-Nuţu Mircea, associated professor ”Babeş-Bolyai“ University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  12. PhD. Professor Alexandru Boroi, Police Academy ”Alexandru Ioan Cuza“, Bucharest, Romania
  13. PhD. Professor Luminita Gabriela Popescu, National School of Political Studies and Public Administration, Bucharest, Romania

 

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