PRIMARY MATRIMONIAL REGIME AS REGULATED BY THE CURRENT ROMANIAN CIVIL CODE. MARRIAGE EXPENSES

Miron Gavril Popescu

Abstract


Renouncing the binding nature of the legal matrimonial regime[1], upon adoption of the new Civil Code, the Romanian lawmaker consecrated the patrimonial freedom of the spouses to decide as they deem appropriate and fit with regard to the property that is the object of their property relations. 

The New Civil Code establishes the principle of the freedom of choice of the matrimonial regime, the future spouses having the choice to enter, outside the regime of the legal community of property (the only possible matrimonial regime according to the previous regulation of the Family Code), into a matrimonial convention, on the basis of which they shall “join” either the separation of property regime or the conventional community of property regime.

Regardless of the matrimonial regime chosen, whether legal or conventional, there is a common core of imperative, non-derogatory rules, which provide a minimal protection of the property relations between spouses.

The imperative primary regime is enshrined in the Civil Code in force, in Book II, About Family, Title II – Marriage, Chapter VI – Property Rights and Obligations of Spouses, Section 1 – Common Provisions, Paragraph 1 – About the General Matrimonial Regime (Art. 312-320), Paragraph 2 – The Family Dwelling (Art.321-324), Paragraph 3 – Marriage Expenses (Art.325-328).

In this article, the property obligations of the spouses present in the text of the law under the name of Marriage Expenses (Art. 325-328 Civil Code) are the subject of a legal review, highlighting a higher degree of concern on the part of the lawmaker, as compared to the current one, in drafting the Family Code, in terms of their regulation in relation to the accelerated dynamics of social relations.


[1] Under the Family Code, which was abrogated with the entry into force of the current Romanian Civil Code, the matrimonial regime of the spouses was that of the community of goods, unique, mandatory and immutable. For development, see Vasilescu, P. Regimuri matrimoniale. Partea generală (Matrimonial Regimes. The General Part), Rosetti Publishing House,Bucharest, 2003, page 258;


Keywords


primary regime, marriage expenses, income from the profession, right to compensation, right to dispose, unwritten convention

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References


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Editor-in-Chief

 

Associate Editor-in-Chief

  1. PhD. Professor Cornelia Lefter, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania
  2. PhD. Professor Adriana Manolescu, Agora University of Oradea, Romania
 

Scientific Editor

 

Executive editors

  1. PhD. Professor Salvo Ando, University “Kore” Enna, Italy
  2. PhD. Associate Professor Alina Angela Manolescu, Agora University of Oradea, Romania

Associate editors

  1. PhD. Professor Alfio D'Urso, University „MAGNA GRECIA” University of Catanzaro, Italy
  2. Agnieszka Wedeł-Domaradzka, University of Economy in Bydgoszcz, Poland
  3. PhD. Alexandru Cordos, Christian University ”Dimitrie Cantemir”, Romania
  4. PhD.in Law, Assistant Professor José Noronha Rodrigues, Açores University, Portugal
  5. PhD. Professor Luigi Melica, University of Lecce, Italy
  6. PhD. Professor Jozsef SZABADFALVI, University of Debrecen, Hungaria
  7. PhD. Professor Farkas Akos, University of Miskolc,  Hungary
  8. PhD. Szabó Szabó BÉLA, University of Debrecen, Hungary
  9. PhD. Professor Brânduşa Stefanescu, University of Economics, Bucharest, Romania
  10. PhD. Professor Ovidiu Predescu, ″Law Journal″ (assistant chief editor), "Criminal Law Journal″ (assistant chief), Bucharest, Romania
  11. PhD. Professor Ioan-Nuţu Mircea, associated professor ”Babeş-Bolyai“ University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  12. PhD. Professor Alexandru Boroi, Police Academy ”Alexandru Ioan Cuza“, Bucharest, Romania
  13. PhD. Professor Luminita Gabriela Popescu, National School of Political Studies and Public Administration, Bucharest, Romania

 

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