VALIDITY CONDITIONS OF THE JURIDICAL ACT

Petru Tărchilă

Abstract


The legislative act is the subjects` will to create, modify or extinguish a juridical relation of Civil Law. Hence the fundamental elements of the existence of civil juridical act, namely:
- the subjects` manifestation of will
- intention to produce, modify or extinguish civil juridical relations
- the juridical effects whose induction is aimed by parties
Consent is an essential prerequisite of validity for any juridical act and it is defined as the parties` decision to complete the juridical act. The consent must meet the following conditions to acquire legal value and to be considered valid:
- to be issued by a judicial person
- the intension of closing a legislative act should be known by all parties;
- the consent should be clear in terms of obligations and rights resulting from such an act;
- should not be affected by error vice of consent, mistake, fraud, violence or damage.


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References


Legea nr.287/2009, de promovare a Noului cod civil (publicată în Monitorul Oficial al României nr.511 din 24.07.2009)

P.Tărchilă, Drept civil. Partea generală şi Persoanele, Editura, Gutenberg, Arad 2008.

L. Pop, Tratat de drept civil, Editura Cordial Lex, Cluj 2011.

O.Ungureanu, Drept civil, Introducere, Editura Rosetti, Bucureşti 2009.

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Editor-in-Chief

 

Associate Editor-in-Chief

  1. PhD. Professor Cornelia Lefter, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania
  2. PhD. Professor Adriana Manolescu, Agora University of Oradea, Romania
 

Scientific Editor

 

Executive editors

  1. PhD. Professor Salvo Ando, University “Kore” Enna, Italy
  2. PhD. Associate Professor Alina Angela Manolescu, Agora University of Oradea, Romania

Associate editors

  1. PhD. Professor Alfio D'Urso, University „MAGNA GRECIA” University of Catanzaro, Italy
  2. Agnieszka Wedeł-Domaradzka, University of Economy in Bydgoszcz, Poland
  3. PhD. Alexandru Cordos, Christian University ”Dimitrie Cantemir”, Romania
  4. PhD.in Law, Assistant Professor José Noronha Rodrigues, Açores University, Portugal
  5. PhD. Professor Luigi Melica, University of Lecce, Italy
  6. PhD. Professor Jozsef SZABADFALVI, University of Debrecen, Hungaria
  7. PhD. Professor Farkas Akos, University of Miskolc,  Hungary
  8. PhD. Szabó Szabó BÉLA, University of Debrecen, Hungary
  9. PhD. Professor Brânduşa Stefanescu, University of Economics, Bucharest, Romania
  10. PhD. Professor Ovidiu Predescu, ″Law Journal″ (assistant chief editor), "Criminal Law Journal″ (assistant chief), Bucharest, Romania
  11. PhD. Professor Ioan-Nuţu Mircea, associated professor ”Babeş-Bolyai“ University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  12. PhD. Professor Alexandru Boroi, Police Academy ”Alexandru Ioan Cuza“, Bucharest, Romania
  13. PhD. Professor Luminita Gabriela Popescu, National School of Political Studies and Public Administration, Bucharest, Romania

 

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